• Topics in Chronicling America: "1915 Sinking of the Lusitania"
    A German U-boat torpedoes and sinks the RMS Lusitania on May 7, 1915, with the intent to kill the over 1,100 people on board. The torpedo blast, followed by a massive explosion, sent the world's largest ocean liner to the bottom in 18 minutes. This topic page provides articles related to the Sinking of the Lusitania, including significant dates and asso […]
  • 150 Years Ago: "The Funeral Cortege," Cleveland Morning Leader, April 24, 1865
    In the wake of President Lincoln's assassination in 1865, it was announced he would be buried in his hometown of Springfield, IL, after a ceremonial funeral in Washington, DC. The President's remains were conveyed by rail through the Northeast, with official and impromptu memorials along the way. The Cleveland Morning Leader (Cleveland, OH) reporte […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Emancipation Proclamation"
    President Lincoln signed the Compensated Emancipation Act on April 16, 1862, freeing slaves in the District of Columbia. Nine months later, on January 1, 1863, he signed and issued the Emancipation Proclamation, freeing slaves in the Confederate States. This topic page provides articles related to the Emancipation Proclamation, including significant dates an […]
  • 150 Years Ago: "THE END! SURRENDER OF LEE!...", American Citizen, April 12, 1865
    In April 1865, with much fanfare, newspapers across the Union trumpeted the news of Confederacy Gen. Robert E. Lee's surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia to Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant on April 9. The American Citizen (Butler, PA), among others, published the War Department's official gazette describing the correspondence between the two […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "All Fools' Day"
    "The first of April some do say, Was set apart for All Fools' Day: But why the people call it so, Nor I nor they themselves do know" begins the article in the San Francisco Call on April 1, 1900, which discusses the history and customs of "April Fool's Day," also known as "All Fools' Day." This topic page provides […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Roosevelt's Africa Expedition"
    Thousands cheer former President Teddy Roosevelt as his expeditionary party departs New York for an African safari on March 23, 1909. Roosevelt later came under attack from environmentalists for killing over 11,000 animals during the expedition. This topic page provides useful information for searching about Roosevelt's expedition in Chronicling America […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Wyatt Earp"
    A US marshal in the Wild West, Wyatt Earp (born March 19, 1848) battled outlaw cowboys throughout Arizona Territory. “Grim, game, and deadly,” Wyatt Earp helped to fuel the fantasies of many that the Wild West was as wild as stories made it out to be. This topic page provides useful information for searching about Wyatt Earp in Chronicling America's his […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Civil War Ironclads"
    The USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (formally known as the USS Merrimack) were involved in the first battle between iron-clad warships at the Battle of Hampton Roads on March 12, 1862. The iron-clad proved to be a novel invention indeed as it displaced the wooden warships of previous years and ushered in a new era of naval warfare. Iron-clads were key in th […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Last Moments of Doomed Bluecher, Victim of War's First Dreadnaught Battle," The Washington Times, Feb. 27, 1915
    In vivid detail, in February 1915, the Washington Times (Washington, DC) described the sinking of a German battlecruiser, torpedoed by numerous British destroyers during a fierce battle in the North Sea. According to the caption, the photograph displays the keeled-over ship, crew visible as dark dots clambering across the now-exposed hull and floating in the […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Dorothy Dix: Advice Columnist & American journalist"
    Before Dear Abby, there was Dorothy Dix, the highest paid and most widely read female journalist of the time. Her advice columns appeared in newspapers worldwide, totaling over 60 million readers during the height of her popularity. This topics page provides useful information for searching about Dorothy Dix in Chronicling America, including significant date […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Atlantic and Pacific Oceans Joined by Bell Telephone Line," The Yale Expositor, Jan. 28, 1915
    As the nation celebrated the opening of the Panama-Pacific Exposition in January 1915, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson initiated the first official transcontinental telephone call from Washington, D.C., to exposition officials in San Francisco, California, recognizing this amazing achievement. The Yale Expositor (Yale, MI) quoted the president as saying " […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Sinking of the SS Sultana"
    A boiler explodes, shattering the silence of the night and throwing the hopeless passengers of the SS Sultana into the Mississippi River. Legally allowed to carry 376 people, the Sultana was carrying over 2,300 passengers, most of whom were Union soldiers recently released from Confederate prisons. The estimated death toll increases steadily to 1,700 or 1,80 […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "What Do the Martians Think of Us Now?" The Washington Herald, Jan. 10, 1915
    Much like today, the scientists and commentators of 1915 speculated extensively on the possibility of discovering life on Mars. In the Washington Herald (Washington, DC) for Jan. 10, 1915, the writer assumed the presence of Martians and wondered what they would make of the war-torn Earth as seen from Mars. "Have they progressed so far in intelligence an […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Figures and Floats Conspicuous in Brilliant Array of New Year Mummers Today," Evening Public Ledger, January 01, 1915
    Every New Year's Day people gather to watch the annual Philadelphia Mummers Parade, one of the longest running traditions in the country. Officially sponsored by the city starting in 1901, mummers parades have been held in Philadelphia since the 1800's as a way to celebrate the New Year. In 1915 the Evening Public Ledger described the "Thousan […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: 100th Anniverary of the "Christmas Truce"
    Following months of trench warfare, unofficial ceasefires erupt along the Western Front of World War I during Christmas of 1914. Climbing from their trenches onto the battle-scarred “no man’s land,” British and German soldiers shake hands, swap cigarettes and jokes, and even play football. “We all have wives and children…we’re just the same kind of men as yo […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Lions Loose in a New York Theatre," Norwich Bulletin, December 18, 1914
    In a scene straight from a dime novel, in December 1914 the Norwich Bulletin (Norwich, CT) reported the dramatic story of six lions in a vaudeville show escaping their handlers and leaping into the packed audience in the heart of New York City. Dozens were injured in the rush to escape the pride's path as the terrified animals raced through the theater. […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Wright Brothers"
    The Wright Brothers' “flying machine” lifts off for the first time in history on this day in 1903. The journey, lasting a mere twelve seconds, happens “as easily and graceful as a bird.” This topic page provides useful information for searching about the Wright Brothers in Chronicling America's historic newspapers, including significant dates, asso […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Bat Masterson"
    A courageous, dead-shot Western cowboy, Bat Masterson famously ran the bad men “the hell out of Dodge.” In his wild, boisterous life, Masterson was a U.S. Marshal, a gambler, a criminal, an Army scout, and sports editor of the New York Morning Telegraph. This topic page provides useful information for searching about Bat Masterson in Chronicling America
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Thanksgiving"
    Whether you prefer a "€œGenuine Old Fashioned Dinner"€ or an "€œUp-to-Date Thanksgiving,"€ the November 24, 1901 issue of the San Francisco Call has recommendations for your menu, as well as ideas for table decorations and tips on carving the turkey! This topic page provides useful information for searching for Thanksgiving in Chronicli […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "America's Greatest Football Crowd Watching Harvard's Victory in Yale Bowl," New-York Tribune, Nov. 22, 1914
    As part of America's grand tradition of football at Thanksgiving, the final game of the season for Ivy Leaguers and rivals Harvard and Yale has been played against each other for more than a century. In 1914, Yale University hosted the annual Harvard-Yale football game in New Haven, CT, inaugurating its brand new stadium, described as "the greatest […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "'The Interpretation of Dreams' in America"
    An 1893 article speculates dreams are how God speaks to us. Two turn-of-the-century scientists theorized dreams predict physical illness or bodily pain. Modern psychologists wrangled with the meaning of dreams for decades, until Sigmund Freud’s theories of psychoanalysis and the subconscious swept the country. This topics page provides useful information for […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: More than 50 New Topics Added!
    In recent months, more than 50 new topic pages describing contemporary press coverage of historic events, people, and culture have been added to Chronicling America by the LC Newspaper and Current Periodicals reference staff. (Topic pages provide useful information for searching specific subjects in Chronicling America's historic newspapers, including s […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Eva Tanguay"
    Eva Tanguay was the highest paid and most outrageous star of vaudeville’s golden age. Known for her ribald performances and imaginative costumes, she was once arrested for indecent dancing on stage. This topic page provides useful information for searching for Eva Tanguay in Chronicling America's historic newspapers, including significant dates, associa […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Presidential Administrations: Theodore Roosevelt"
    After President William McKinley is assassinated at the Pan American Exposition, Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in on September 14th, 1901 as the 26th President. During his presidency, Roosevelt is nicknamed the "trust buster" for dissolving monopolies, ensures the construction of the Panama Canal, and wins the Nobel Peace Prize for mediating the Russ […]
  • NEH Announces Guidelines for 2015 NDNP Awards - Application Deadline: January 15, 2015
    The National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) guidelines for 2015 are now available at http://www.neh.gov/grants/preservation/national-digital-newspaper-program. The deadline for submitting proposals is January 15, 2015. The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is soliciting proposals from institutions wishing to participate in the NDNP. Applications […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Belle Boyd"
    Belle Boyd, accomplished flirt and leader of Confederate female spies, waves her handkerchief and saves Stonewall Jackson’s army at Front Royal. This topics page provides useful information for searching about Belle Boyd in Chronicling America's historic newspapers, including significant dates, associated search terms and sample article links... Read mo […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Hypnotism"
    Despite hypnotism’s deep roots in ancient culture, most Americans weren’t even aware of the practice until the late 1800’s. In a matter of a few decades, hypnotism moves from obscurity to becoming a valid medical practice, even serving as a legal defense against murder. This topics page provides useful information for searching about hypnotism in Chronicling […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Paris is Preparing for Siege," The Virginia Enterprise, Aug. 28, 1914
    In the early days of World War I (known initially as "the European War", or just "the War," in American newspapers) as Germany's army moved further into Belgium and France, more nations allied together and declared for one side or another. "Paris is Preparing for Siege" blared across the Virginia Enterprise's (Virginia […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Panama Canal - 1914"
    "Panama Canal Formally Opened to the World," reports the New-York Tribune of August 16, 1914. Celebrating the Canal's official 1914 opening, the 10,000 ton steamship Ancon passed from the Atlantic to the Pacific in eleven hours. This topics page provides useful information for searching about the Panama Canal in Chronicling America's hist […]
  • 8 Million Pages Now Online and 2 New States Joining NDNP!
    The National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP), a joint program of the Library of Congress (LC) and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH), has passed several exciting milestones recently. More than 8 million historic newspaper pages, published in 32 states and the District of Columbia between 1836 and 1922, are now available through the Chronicling […]
  • 100 Years Ago: Germany Declares War!
    On August 1, 1914, the newspapers of America announced the initiation of hostilities across Europe. Blaring headlines such as "War Declared" (in strikingly large type), "Peace Refused by France; Her Army Ready to Strike," "WAR! Greatest Conflict of Ages Has Begun!," "Kaiser Says 'Fight!'," and "Germany S […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Female Spies in World War One"
    Whether for love, country or just a thrill, women from both sides rose up as spies during World War One. Seductive and cunning, they were instrumental in shaping the outcome of the war, provided that they weren'€™t caught before they could share their information. This topics page provides useful information for searching on female spies in WWI in Chron […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Francis Ouimet Wins the 1913 US Open"
    Nineteen-year-old working class caddy Francis Ouiment is transformed into a national hero when he wins the 1913 U.S. Open Golf Tournament. An underdog story with a thrilling comeback! This topics page provides useful information for searching on Francis Ouimet and the U.S. Open in Chronicling America's historic newspapers, including significant dates, a […]
  • Google Hangout, Wed. July 9 and Topics in Chronicling America: The Ludlow Massacre and the Colorado Coalfield War, 1914
    On July 9, 2014, 9 a.m. (MDT)/11 a.m. (EDT), you can join experts from the Library of Congress, the Colorado Historic Newspaper Collection, and the Denver Post for a Google Hangout session focused on "€œThe Ludlow Massacre -€“ Examining Labor Relations Through Primary Sources"€ (https://plus.google.com/events/c4svj8pvqkkjthk24vjkja4qneo ). This pr […]
  • NEH: Chronicling America's Historic German Newspapers and the Growth of the American Ethnic Press
    Were Germans the most influential group in the ethnic press? For a time, yes! In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Germans came to the United States in droves. For decades, Germans were the largest non-English-speaking immigrant group in America. Between 1820 and 1924, over 5.5 million German immigrants arrived in the United States, many of them […]
  • NEH's EDSITEment and Chronicling America: The 100th Anniversary of the Great War
    The National Endowment for the Humanities' (NEH) EDSITEment program has introduced a new set of learning tools for studying the beginnings of the Great War and featuring newspapers from Chronicling America. From the blog post: "...To show the major positions of American public opinion, EDSITEment has published a new Common Core-aligned lesson, Chro […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand"
    A hundred years ago on June 28, Serbian nationalists assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne. His death ignited the flames of World War I that would quickly consume Europe. This topics page provides useful information for searching about the Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Chronicling America's historic ne […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Guldensuppe Murder"
    A "murder mystery" erupts when a headless body is found in the East River of New York City in June of 1897. The body is later identified as William Guldensuppe, who was murdered by Martin Thorne, the jealous lover of Augusta Nack, a woman previously involved with Guldensuppe. Zealous reporters of New York's "yellow" papers produce ma […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Tabbies Go Automobiling," El Paso Herald, June 4, 1914
    Proving our fascination with pet photography long pre-dates the Internet, in 1914 the El Paso Herald (El Paso, TX) published an almost-daily series of photographed tableaux featuring costumed kittens and puppies posed in everyday human activities. Each tableau was accompanied by a tale of the "children" in Tabbyland and their misadventures. On June […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Dollar Princesses"
    Europe is broke and America seeks social status in the late nineteenth century. The solution? European nobility, primarily British, marries rich, beautiful American socialites looking for aristocracy. These Gilded Age heiresses married more than a third of the titles represented in the House of Lords, and announcements of these transatlantic marriages were p […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Clara Barton and the Red Cross"
    Clara Barton had never been afraid of danger. After the Civil War broke out in Washington, DC, she left her job at the United States Patent Office and went to the battlefields to aid wounded soldiers. Years later, when she returned from Geneva, Switzerland, where she learned of the hospital and sanitary work the International Red Cross was doing, she present […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Mother's Day Decreed," Omaha Daily Bee, May 11, 1914
    2014 marks the 100th anniversary of the nationwide celebration of Mother's Day as decreed by President Woodrow Wilson on May 9, 1914. For many years, local events honoring mothers had been held around the U.S. But in 1914, despite "some good natured bandinage" from "some of the more unappreciative statesmen," the US Congress passed a […]
  • IN THE NEWS: "Novel May Day Fancy," The San Francisco Call, April 25, 1897
    In the spring of 1897, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) delighted readers with an account of experimental merrymakers who incorporated the most recent bicycle craze into their May Day festivities. The article describes the complexity of the dance, noting however, that "a false move by a rider may tangle the whole combination so thoroughly as t […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Carnegie Libraries" (in honor of National Library Week!)
    "A library presented to all of the people, not just a selected few!" In 1890, the Pittsburgh Dispatch reports on the Grand Opening of the first public library in the United States, the Allegheny Free Library, whose construction was made possible by the generous support of "œironmaster" and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. Great crowds bloc […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Ouija Board"
    Ouija was a craze in the US from 1890 until the late 1920’s, and newspapers reported on it's use as a means to communicate with the dead, predict catastrophes, and solve mysteries. Its popularity grew tremendously with newspaper stories about Pearl Curran, a St. Louis housewife who held Ouija talks with the ghost of a 17th-century New England literary f […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "œJapanese Cherries Adorn Park Drive," The Washington Times, April 6, 1913
    It's been a year since 3,000 cherry trees were gifted to the United States by the Japanese government and the blooming trees are blossoming for the first time, making Potomac Park "fragrantly beautiful and riotous with spring," reports the Washington Times (Washington, DC) in 1913. Thousands of visitors "stop their carriages along the dri […]
  • IN HISTORY TODAY: "Suffrage Valentines on the Desks When Congressmen Got to Work," The Day Book, Feb. 14, 1916
    By 1916, the national movement supporting women's voting rights was gathering steam. Suffragettes were using creative means to get their message to decision-makers across the country, even taking advantage of Valentine's Day to send missives to members of the U.S. Congress, according to the Day Book (Chicago, IL). "When congress [sic] got to i […]
  • IN THE NEWS: Ice Hockey
    In honor of today being the first official day of the XXII Winter Olympic games, we thought we'd go back in time using Chronicling America to research to one of our favorite winter sports: ice hockey. In the late 19th century, ice hockey caught on like wildfire with sport-loving Americans and Canadians alike and the trend didn't stop in the colder […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Mr. Groundhog," Bisbee Daily Review, Feb. 3, 1914
    Around the nation, on Feb. 2, 1914, groundhogs everywhere peeked from their winter dens to fulfill their annual duty of weather prediction for the return of spring. A brief review of Groundhog Day articles in 1914 ( http://go.usa.gov/BDdz ) suggests the weather that day was particularly sunny around the country, so the furry forecaster saw his shadow in most […]
  • NEWSPAPERS ADDED: Hundreds of thousands of newspaper pages added
    This week the Library of Congress began adding more historic newspapers to the Chronicling America Web site. First-time contributions from Maryland and North Carolina, as well as many other newspapers, are being added to the 6.7 million pages already available from 32 states and the District of Columbia. To learn more about what newspapers have been added or […]
  • RESEARCH TOPICS: "Mining Coverage of the Flu: Big Data's Insights into an Epidemic," Perspectives in History, January 2014
    While Chronicling America provides valuable material for individual users one page at a time, its open data structure, where all data can be harvested and re-used outside the system, also gives researchers the opportunity to look beyond each historical account to identify trends and "meta" information about specific events. Funded by NEH's Dig […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Please tell me the truth, is there a Santa Claus?"
    In 1897, Virginia O'Hanlon writes to the New-York Sun with a simple question and the response goes on to become the most famous newspaper editorial ever published. This topic page provides useful information for searching about the famous "Yes, Virginia, There is a Santa Claus" editorial in Chronicling America's historic newspapers, inclu […]
  • 110 Years Ago: "Literary Notes...The last of Sherlock Holmes...," New-York Tribune, Dec. 3, 1893
    In 1893, the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) reported "Dr. Conan Doyle kills off his hero in dramatic detail..." describing the sudden demise of fictional super-sleuth Sherlock Holmes. The story itself, "The Final Problem," can be found in the Sun (New York, NY), published a week earlier on Nov. 26 - http://go.usa.gov/WJ93 . However, Cona […]
  • 150 YEARS AGO: "The Dedication of Gettysburg Cemetery," The Caledonian, Nov. 27, 1863
    On Nov. 19, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln presided over the dedication of a new National Cemetery at Gettysburg, PA, site of one of the most destructive battles of the Civil War (see the Chronicling America Topics Page on the Battle of Gettysburg - http://www.loc.gov/rr/news/topics/gettysburg.html - to explore further). The Caledonian (St. Johnsbury, VT) j […]
  • IN HISTORY TODAY: "30,000 Mile Race - Nelly Bly's Adventurous Trip Makes Her the Heroine of the Hour," The Evening World, Nov. 15, 1889
    Amid much fanfare, the Evening World (New York, NY) in November 1889 announced the departure of Nelly Bly, intrepid woman reporter, on her quest to be the first woman to circumnavigate the globe. With only a small valise as luggage, Bly left New York on Nov. 14, 1889 to travel some 30,000 miles in 72 days. On the eve of her departure, a rival newspaper, Cosm […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Newsboys"
    "Extra, extra!!" In the 19th and 20th centuries, newspaper publishers depended on newspaper boys and girls ("newsies"€) to hawk their latest editions on city streets. Newsies needed to sell all their papers to turn a profit. In 1899, a jump in newspaper prices prompted a band of New York City newsies to stage a strike against big-name pu […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Halloween - October 31"
    The 1891 San Francisco Morning Call proclaims October 31st "A Night of Mystery" and gives readers "Some Curious Facts Concerning All Hallows Even," including how to forecast your matrimonial future! This topic page provides useful information for searching for Halloween in Chronicling America's historic newspapers, including signific […]
  • NEH Announces Guidelines for 2014 NDNP Awards - Application Deadline: January 15, 2014
    The National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) guidelines for 2014 are now available at http://www.neh.gov/grants/preservation/national-digital-newspaper-program. The deadline for submitting proposals is January 15, 2014. The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is soliciting proposals from institutions wishing to participate in the NDNP. Applications […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "You Are What Your Reading Makes You," The San Francisco Call, Sept. 20, 1913
    A century ago the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) announced "Good reading marks the difference between a broad and a narrow perspective in life - between a position in the lead and one in the line..." and advertised Dr. Eliot's Five-Foot Shelf of Books, also known as "the Harvard Classics." This fifty-volume set, available […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Labor Day"
    "Labor's Monster Parade! The First Workingmen's Holiday to be Fitly Observed!" The Labor Day topics page provides useful information for searching about the holiday in Chronicling America's historic newspapers, including significant dates, associated search terms, as well as sample article links.... Read more about it!
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Yosemite National Park"
    "A Mountain Climber's Outing: A Novel Experience." In August 1902, more than 200 members of the conservation organization, The Sierra Club, (along with 15,000 pounds of provisions) hike along the steep trails of Yosemite Park; sleeping in the outdoors, listening to the lectures of naturist & champion of Yosemite, John Muir, and viewing the […]
  • CHRONICLING AMERICA UPDATED: 600,000 pages added, including newspapers from Iowa, Michigan and West Virginia
    Today, the Library of Congress updated the Chronicling America Web site adding more than 600,000 historic newspaper pages, including first-time contributions from Iowa, Michigan, and West Virginia. Other new additions include content from Hawaii, Indiana, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Carolin […]
  • NEH Announces $3.5 Million for 2013 NDNP Awards, including Participation by 4 New States and Territories
    Recently the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) announced 14 awards totaling $3.5 million to institutions representing their states or territories in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). Three projects - sponsored by the Connecticut State Library; the Idaho State Historical Society; and the Mississippi Department of Archives and History - […]
  • 100 YEARS AGO: "How the Isles of Safety Belied Their Name," The Evening World, July 24, 1913
    As the twentieth century began, urban management took on new problems as city populations grew denser and vehicles became more common, faster, and more varied. "'Isles of Safety' A Crying Need In Busiest Square in the World" from the Evening World (New York, NY) in 1902 (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030193/1902-02-06/ed-1/se […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "William F. Cody "Buffalo Bill" (1846-1917)"
    The July 22, 1894 issue of the New York Tribune provides its readers "A Day With The Wild West," detailing life for the performers in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Shows. The traveling performers, led by William Frederick Cody and including soldiers, cowboys, and Indians, provided a romantic view of the adventure and excitement of the American West […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Safe and Sane!", Bismarck Daily Tribune, July 4, 1913
    "Safe and Sane!" was the motto of Fourth of July celebrations across the U.S. in 1913. The Bismarck Daily Tribune (Bismarck, ND) highlighted this slogan with a front-page illustration and other patriotic sentiments. In addition, the paper reported on activities commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg, fought between Union […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Battle of Gettysburg"
    "The slaughter was perfectly unparalleled," reads the July 9, 1863 issue of Washington, D.C.'s Daily National Republican. July 1, 1863 marks the start of the Battle of Gettysburg; three days and over 50,000 casualties later, the battle ends when General Lee retreats with his troops in the early morning of July 4. This topic page provides usefu […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Carnegie Libraries"
    In 1885, philanthropist Andrew Carnegie's "Gift to His Workmen" establishes a library in Pittsburgh, becoming the first of hundreds of public libraries across the country with his namesake. Carnegie wished to use his wealth to "improve the general condition of the people;" libraries funded by his gifts could be found from Washington, […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "New York City Race Riot, August 1900"
    “Race Riot Rages in New York City,” reports the August 16, 1900 issue of the Richmond Times. On the evening of August 15, 1900, several hundred white men gather on the West Side, seeking to avenge the killing of Robert J. Thorpe, a white plain-clothes police officer by a young black man. Many blacks are injured in the fracas and reports of police brutality a […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Roller Coasters"
    With breath taking drops and “spine curling” thrills, early roller coasters delight the most daring Americans in parks across the country. As more people experienced the adventure and as the mechanics improved, roller coasters became essential rides and amusement parks began competing for the biggest and most intricate rides. This topic page provides useful […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Memorial Day/Decoration Day"
    "On Memorial day wealth and poverty, youth and old age unite in paying tribute to the defenders of the flag," reports the Omaha daily bee in its May 26, 1901 issue. "It is a day when the hurrying world stops for a little while in its mad rush and thinks of the generations that have gone before." This topic page provides useful information […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Mr. Suburbs Fixes His Lawn," Omaha Daily Bee, May 14, 1913
    In May 1913, the Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, NE) included a front-page cartoon illustrating a homeowner's dilemma still pondered today - how to get rid of the weeds! With commentary from workmen, neighbors and local children, each with their own advice, the beleaguered gardener does his best to tackle the green intruders using the tools at hand - "marv […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Mother's Day"
    In 1908, Anna Jarvis holds a memorial service at a West Virginia church to honor her mother, Mrs. Ann Marie Reeves Jarvis, who passed away three years prior. Philadelphia newspaper publishers latch on to the idea and widely promote a day for honoring mothers, to be held on the second Sunday of the month of May. This topic page provides useful information for […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Golden Spike, 1869"
    The crowd cheers as Governor Leland Standford drives the Golden Spike at Promontory Summit, Utah to complete the transcontinental railroad on May 10, 1869. As the Central and Union Pacific tracks are officially united by the Golden Spike celebrations are held in towns and cities across the country. This topic page provides useful information for searching on […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Thirty Thousand 'Fans' Greet Baseball, Open New Home of Brooklyn Club and See Superbas Beat the Yankees," New-York Tribune, April 6, 1913
    More than 30,000 baseball fans enthusiastically attended the opening of Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, according to the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) in April 1913. With seats for only 25,000, five thousand were turned away from the gates but managed glimpses of the game from beyond the fence and in improvised stands. The Superbas (later known as the Brooklyn D […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "April Fools' Day"
    "The first of April some do say, Was set apart for All Fools' Day: But why the people call it so, Nor I nor they themselves do know" begins the article in the San Francisco Call on April 1, 1900, which discusses the history and customs of "April Fool's Day," also known as "All Fools' Day." This topic page provides […]
  • "New Release of Chronicling America," featured project at NEH
    With details on new titles and features available, the National Endowment for the Humanities, co-sponsor of Chronicling America, recently highlighted the project on the NEH Division of Preservation and Access Web site. The article spotlights new additions to the site (now 6 million pages), bilingual content, and the goals of the National Digital Newspaper Pr […]
  • FEATURED TITLE: The Day Book (Chicago, Ill.): An Adless Daily Newspaper, published 1911-1917
    Published for a working-class readership in a convenient size of 9 x 6 inches, the Day Book (Chicago, IL) was an experiment in advertisement-free newspaper publishing. The non-traditional business model however did not come without its challenges. One hundred years ago this week, the Day Book's very own headlines read, "Chicago Newspaper Trust Cons […]
  • "What is Chronicling America?" an introduction from NEH's EDSITEment program
    "What is Chronicling America?" is a portal offered by EDSITEment, the K-12 digital outreach of the National Endowment for the Humanities, co-sponsor of Chronicling America. Designed for teachers and students, the "What is Chronicling America?" site houses introductory videos on using the database, curated links for searching, and an ever- […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire," March 25, 1911
    "142 DIE WHEN SHIRTWAIST FACTORY BURNS," reads the March 26, 1911 Washington Times, one day after fire broke out in the factory building of the Triangle Waist Company in New York City. Many who leaped to their deaths from windows were young immigrant women. Though factory owners were acquitted of any responsibility, the tragic fire lead to labor la […]
  • CHRONICLING AMERICA UPDATE: 800,000 added pages, including newspapers from North Dakota and Indiana
    On March 18, the Library of Congress updated the Chronicling America Web site to provide access to more than 6 million pages. This update adds more than 800,000 newspaper pages, published from 1836 to 1922 in the U.S., including newly added states Indiana and North Dakota, additional French and Spanish newspapers from Arizona, Louisiana, New Mexico, and Texa […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Harriet Tubman, of Civil War Fame, Dies," The Sun, March 13, 1913
    In March 1913, the Sun (New York, NY) carried the somber news of the death of Harriet Tubman, former slave and "originator of the Underground Railroad" before the Civil War. According to the article, she was "regarded by many as one of the most remarkable women on this continent." Known for her many trips into the South to lead slaves to […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Lafayette Escadrille: American Aviators in World War I"
    "Yankee Fliers Fool Enemy!," reads the July 25, 1916 issue of the New York Tribune. During the Great War, adroit and courageous American aviators who volunteered to join the French army were known as the Lafayette Escadrille flying squadron. Their brave and gallant efforts in battle (along with their "Yankee trick" of sneaking behind enem […]
  • "Inquiring Minds: It's All in a Word" (Library of Congress Blog)
    Check out the Library of Congress Blog and learn about research into word origins and phrases supported by the newspapers available in Chronicling America! From the blog: "With pop culture changing at such a rapid pace, it’s no wonder our language changes with the times as well. Here today, gone tomorrow as they say. I wonder where that phrase came from […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Nineteenth Amendment"
    TEN THOUSAND WOMEN MARCH DOWN AVENUE IN FIGHT FOR BALLOT! reports the Washington Times (Washington, DC) of March 3, 1913. Despite decades of events and protests it was not until 1920 that Congress ratified the Nineteenth Amendment granting women the right to vote. This topic page provides useful information for searching about the 19th Amendment and women […]
  • 100 Years Ago Today: "A Declaration of Independence We Celebrate," The Washington Herald, March 3, 1913
    In March 1913 more than one parade occupied the nation's attention during President Woodrow Wilson's inauguration in Washington, DC. The day before the official swearing-in, thousands of "suffragists" from around the country, including famous activists such as Carrie Chapman Catt, Inez Millholland and Helen Keller, gathered to march the s […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906"
    "Oh, here's to good old germs, Drink 'em down!," goes a toast published in the December 6, 1903 St. Louis Republic. Over a century ago, twelve government-sponsored volunteers, dubbed "the Poison Squad," recite this toast before consuming food laced with toxic additives such as borax and salicylic acid. Scientific experiments on […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Sissieretta Jones"
    "I can never remember the time when I did not sing," soprano Sissieretta Jones said in the July 4, 1896 issue of the San Francisco Call. Mme Jones and her touring group, "The Troubadours," are feted by immense audiences around the world, often inviting the tribute of tears to those who hear her magnetic voice. This topic page provides use […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Jim Thorpe"
    Considered the best all-around athlete of modern times, Native American James "Jim" Thorpe won gold medals in both the pentathlon and the decathlon in the 1912 Stockholm Summer Olympics. Scandal struck in late January 1913 when he was stripped of his titles by the Amateur Athletic Union after admitting he had played professional baseball prior to t […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Ping-Pong
    “Ping-Pong Craze May Doom the Tight Laced Corset!” declares the St. Paul Globe of May 25, 1902. As the table tennis fad of 1902 sweeps the country, sounds of celluloid balls beaten to and fro reverberate from nearly every house. Ping-pong madness gives rise to ping-pong newspaper cartoons, ping-pong perfume, ping-pong gambling, ping-pong corsets, ping-pong o […]
  • FEATURED TITLE: The Hawaiian Gazette (Honolulu, [Oahu, Hawaii]), published 1865-1918
    Over its 53-year existence, this prominent Hawaiian newspaper reported on four monarchs, the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom, the annexation of Hawai'i to the United States, and the establishment of the Territory of Hawai'i. The Hawaiian Gazette was a fervent advocate of American economic interests in Hawai'i, sometimes aligned with the curr […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "New Century Celebrations, 1900-1901"
    “GREETINGS TO THE NEW-BORN CENTURY,” announces the San Francisco Call of January 1, 1901. It’s the dawn of a new century, but which dawn, Jan. 1, 1900, or Jan. 1, 1901? Revelers celebrate both. On that same day Harriet Hubbard Ayer wrote in the Evening World: “Hail to the woman of the twentieth century, with her bright, roughish eyes, her blowing hair, her r […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Christmas Truce"
    “Miracle is Wrought by Christmas Spirit in Hostile Trenches,” announces Philadelphia’s Evening Public Ledger for March 24, 1915. Following months of trench warfare, unofficial ceasefires erupt along the Western Front during Christmas of 1914. Climbing from their trenches onto battle-scarred “no man’s land,” British and German soldiers shake hands, swap cigar […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Serge de Diaghilev and the Ballet Russes (Russian Ballet)"
    “Police May Curb Russian Ballet!” reports the New-York Tribune for January 25, 1916, the audience aghast as beautiful barely-clad female dancers appear on stage during opening night of the troupe’s U.S. tour. “A most idiotic affair,” says director Sergei de Diaghilev of the police clamp-down. A tamer second-night version of “the dance that made e […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Gibson Girl"
    “By George, I’ve never seen so many pretty girls in my life. I should have come to California to create the Gibson Girl!,” exclaimed American graphic artist Charles Dana Gibson, in the November 23, 1895 San Francisco Examiner. Gibson is know for his creation of “The Gibson Girl,” a popular version of the New Woman of 1900, long-legged and graceful with her e […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Our First Thanksgiving," The North Platte Semi-Weekly Tribune, Nov. 22, 1912
    Providing rich detail, the Nov. 22, 1912 North Platte Semi-Weekly Tribune (North Platte, NE) included a history and description of the original Thanksgiving celebrations, comparing some aspects with the Thanksgivings of 1912. Quoting historical sources, the article reports on the menu of the original 3-day Pilgrim feast, the likely means of cooking, and the […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Lights of San Francisco Will Tell The Call's Election News," The San Francisco Call, Nov. 5, 1912
    A century ago---before social media, the Internet, television or even radio---newspapers were the main provider of reliable news from afar. They frequently distributed information in multiple print editions a day to keep up with breaking events, but sometimes that wasn't fast enough. For the Presidential Election of 1912, the San Francisco Call (San Fra […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Jack the Ripper"
    “Is it Jack the Ripper Again? Another Fallen Woman Found Murdered in London!” reports the New York Tribune on December 22, 1888. In 1887, a mysterious murderer haunts the narrow streets and back alleys of East London, and news reports travel quickly to the U.S., creating mass hysteria. Who is this Jack? Is he acting alone? This topic page provides useful inf […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Mars Peopled by One Vast Thinking Vegetable!" The Salt Lake Tribune, Oct. 13, 1912
    Astronomers and other scientists of 1912 speculated widely on the details of Earth's near neighbors and beyond. This article, published in the Salt Lake Tribune (Salt Lake City, UT) in October 1912, includes a number of Mars facts reaffirmed by 21st century science. The length of a Martian day is indeed half an hour longer than an Earth day and the leng […]
  • CHRONICLING AMERICA MILESTONE - More than 5 million pages available!
    From the press release: Popular Online Resource Provides Access to Nation's Historic Newspapers The Chronicling America website, http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov , a free, searchable database of historic U.S. newspapers, has posted its 5 millionth page. Launched by the Library of Congress and the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) in 2007, Chr […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "America's First Cocaine Epidemic"
    “Cocaine Monster Throws His Tentacles Around the Nation,” reports the Los Angeles Herald of December 11, 1898. Found in common medicines and popular soft drinks, cocaine addiction sweeps across the country during the early 1900s creating a nation of “drug fiends,” and prompting government legislation. This topic page provides useful information for searching […]
  • NEH Announces Guidelines for 2013 National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) Awards - Application Deadline: January 17, 2013
    The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is now soliciting proposals from institutions wishing to participate in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). Applications are due January 17, 2013. Program awardees participate in the creation of a national, digital resource of historically significant newspapers published between 1836 and 1922 in all […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Kidnapping of Ellen Stone"
    “American Woman at the Hands of Lawless Turks!,” reports the Houston Daily Post on September 7, 1901. In September 1901, a gang of masked revolutionaries seize and hold for ransom Ellen M. Stone, a Congregationalist missionary. During her six months in captivity newspapers across the US report on her ordeal and on President Teddy Roosevelt’s attempts to free […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The 'Chicago Black Sox' Scandal"
    "Striiiike! 8 Men Out!" Soon after the Cincy Reds win the 1919 World Series rumors spread that gamblers paid eight Chicago White Sox players (later nicknamed The Black Sox) to "throw" the game. An investigation is launched and though a grand jury acquits the players, they're banned from playing professional baseball ever again. This […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Influenza Epidemic of 1918 (Spanish Flu)"
    “Spanish Flu” Sweeps the Country, Killing Millions! Between the spring of 1918 and the spring of 1919 a highly virulent and fatal influenza sweeps the country in three waves, killing the youngest and the strongest, devastating entire communities. This topic page provides useful information for searching about the Spanish Flu in Chronicling America's his […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Tanks in World War I"
    Tanks: New Weapons of War. “Hurdling trenches, crawling over shell craters, and walking through forests unhalted by intense gunfire, the tanks cannot be stopped by anything less than a direct hit from shells of considerable caliber,” reports The Ogden Standard of October 21, 1916, 4 p.m. City Edition.
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Galveston Flood of 1900"
    The “Night of Horrors,” September 8, 1900, begins as a 15-foot storm surge rolls across Galveston, Texas, killing over 8,000. Dawn breaks over a grisly scene of bodies in the streets. The Galveston flood is remembered even to this day as the deadliest natural disaster in the history of the United States. This topic page provides useful information for search […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Labor Day's Thirtieth Birthday," The Labor Journal, Aug. 30, 1912
    More than 100 years ago the Labor Journal of Everett, WA, chronicled the origins of Labor Day as a New York City parade and described local events scheduled around the observance (in 1912). Other prominent front-page articles included the election platform of John E. Campbell, candidate for the Washington state legislature and advocate of the 8-hour work day […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Ping-Pong"
    Love! Advantage! A "seductive influence!" It's 1902, and America is going crazy for the new British pastime called "ping-pong!" With articles on who was playing, how to play, and even the dangers of too much play, the newspapers of the day covered every aspect of this new-fangled fad. This topic page provides useful information for s […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Presidential Election of 1912: Wilson vs. Roosevelt vs. Taft"
    Former President Theodore Roosevelt bolts the Republican Convention and runs as the Progressive “Bull Moose” Party candidate in the election of 1912, dooming the reelection of William Howard Taft. The Republican Party rift sent to the White House Democrat Woodrow Wilson, who became one of the century’s most influential presidents. This topic page provides us […]
  • NEH Announces $3.6 Million for 2012 NDNP Awards, including 4 New States
    Recently the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) announced awards totaling $3.6 million to 13 institutions representing their states in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). Four of these institutions - the State Historical Society of Iowa; the University of Maryland, College Park; Central Michigan University and the University of North Caro […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Major Events of the Spanish American War"
    The U.S.S. Maine explodes and sinks in Havana Harbor on Feb. 15, 1898, killing 266 American sailors. Pressured by the “yellow press,” the U.S. declared war on Spain on April 25, 1898, resulting in the deaths of thousands and the collapse of the Spanish empire. This topic page provides useful information for searching about the Spanish American War in Chronic […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "World War I Declarations"
    A month after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie, on July 28, 1914, the Austro-Hungarian government declares war on Serbia. Immediately, and within a period of six days, European countries declare war upon one another. Known as the Great War at the time, the conflict became the most destructive and widespread the world had ever […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Olympic Games Formally Opened," Medford Mail Tribune, July 6, 1912
    Including action-packed photos of competing athletes, in July 1912 the Medford Mail Tribune (Medford, OR) hailed the opening of that year's Olympic Games and the first American successes. Held in Stockholm, Sweden, the 1912 Games were attended by more than 3000 athletes representing 26 countries, according to the Tribune. The article described the openi […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Bloomer Girls: All-girls novelty act sweeps country playing baseball"
    "Bloomer girls" take to the baseball diamond challenging amateur, semi-pro, and minor league men's teams in front of thousands of spectators. Known for wearing practical, loose Turkish-style trousers created by Amelia Bloomer, hundreds of teams 'barnstormed' the country during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, provid […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "When Coal and Oil Give Out--Wind!," The San Francisco Call, July 14, 1912
    "...Use Windmills for the Storage of Electricity---Drop a Nickel in the Slot and Re-charge your Auto!" declared the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) in a feature article on the future of energy in July 1912. The illustrated essay described the outcomes of a 20-year government study, conducted by Prof. P. C. Day, into the prospects of developi […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Civil War Maps in the New York Daily Tribune"
    As hostilities intensify between the North and the South, people on both sides of the burgeoning Civil War seek to make sense of what is taking place in their country. The press rushed to publish stories and accounts of the battles, but perhaps the most telling features were the maps that they published. The New York Tribune published these graphical account […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Belle Gunness Murder Farm"
    Lured by matrimonial ads from Chicago area newspapers to a farm house in rural LaPorte, Indiana, over 40 wealthy suitors meet their ends at the hands of Belle Gunness, one of the century's "most fiendish" murderesses. After a suspicious fire leveled the house killing her children, authorities would later unearth scores of missing men's bo […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "4th of July Celebrations, 1876-1911"
    Centennial celebrations of the Declaration of Independence spark increasingly dangerous revelries on July 4th each year. The American Medical Association cited 1,531 deaths between 1903 and 1910 with more than 5,000 injuries in 1909 alone from exploding fireworks and other incidents during July 4th celebrations. Finally, pleas from social groups and Presiden […]
  • NEWS IN HISTORY: "Tornadoes: What They Are; Where and When They Occur," The Salt Lake Herald, April 16, 1893
    Following days of record-breaking heat, this past Friday, June 29, 2012, included an unusual weather event, devastating and destructive in its passing through the Mid-Atlantic U.S. This major storm, referred to as a "derecho," crossed the region from Iowa to New Jersey through 11 states, leaving downed trees, major power outages and general mayhem […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Treaty of Versailles"
    Newspaper headlines around the world proclaim, “World War Ends as Pact is Signed” on June 28, 1919, ending one of the deadliest conflicts in history that resulted in over 35 million casualties. Exactly five years after the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the Treaty of Versailles was signed as crowds cheered and wept, while Germany bitterly pro […]
  • "NEH to Offer National History Day Student Award for Creative Use of the Chronicling America Historic Newspaper Archive"
    On June 14, 2012, the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) announced a new contest encouraging students, grades 6-12, to use Chronicling America in National History Day projects for 2013. "At the closing ceremonies of National History Day, held on the University of Maryland campus in College Park, Maryland, NEH Chairman Jim Leach announced that N […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Horseless Carriages and Ford's Model T"
    Fifteen thousand people cheer in the streets of Seattle as the Ford Model T wins the transcontinental automobile race on June 23, 1909. The first gasoline powered "horseless carriages," also called "motocycles," appeared at the end of the nineteenth century, but it was the Model T that revolutionized motorized travel in 1908 by making aut […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Buffalo Bill"
    Launching Buffalo Bill's Wild West show in 1883, buffalo hunter and showman, William Frederick Cody romanticizes the adventure and excitement of the wild western frontier through horsemanship, sharp-shooting, battles with Indians, and rodeo style events. Attracting huge crowds daily, the show traveled with 600 people and 500 horses throughout the U.S. a […]
  • 100 Years Ago: " 'A Journey in Other Worlds,' by Col. John Jacob Astor," The Evening World, June 3, 1912
    In June 1912 the Evening World (New York, NY) began serially republishing millionaire tycoon John Jacob Astor's only novel, originally printed in 1894. The "fantastic semi-scientific tale," set in "the year 2000 A.D.," chronicles the journey of four adventurers to the stars traveling at more than 1 million miles per hour towards Jupi […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Carrie Nation, 'Saloon Smasher' and Temperance Lecturer"
    "Saloon-wrecker" Carrie Nation barrels through Kansas bars wielding a hatchet in the name of temperance. Run out and beaten by locals, Nation landed in thirteen jails across the state but stubbornly continued her violent assault of saloons. In 1903 she laid down her hatchet and continued her work more peacefully, speaking across the country for the […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Cowardice and Inefficiency Charged in Titanic Report," The Washington Times, May 28, 1912
    Winding up weeks of investigation into the sinking of the RMS Titanic, a US Senate subcommittee published a scathing report in late May 1912, charging responsibility for the disaster to individuals, government regulators and corporations alike. The document specifically blamed Captain Smith of the Titanic for "overconfidence and neglect" and Captai […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Memorial Day"
    With flags flying at half-mast, tombstones decorated with wreaths and bouquets, and processions of the bereaved paying their respects at national cemeteries, ceremonies honoring fallen soldiers take place across the country. First observed in 1865 to commemorate soldiers who died during the Civil War, Memorial Day (formerly known as Decoration Day) was later […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Battleships and the Pre-WWI Naval Arms Race"
    Trying to keep afloat in a world-wide naval arms race, the U.S. launches the great USS Michigan on May 26, 1908 swiftly followed by the USS South Carolina in July of that same year. England sparked the race in 1906 when it introduced the “world’s most powerful battleship,” prompting Germany, Japan, the U.S., and a number of other countries to build increasin […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Plessy vs. Ferguson" (Jim Crow Laws)
    The U.S. Supreme Court changes history on May 18, 1896! The Court’s “separate but equal” decision in Plessy v. Ferguson on that date upheld state-imposed Jim Crow laws. It became the legal basis for racial segregation in the United States for the next fifty years.This topic page provides useful information for searching about the Plessy v. Ferguson case in C […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Girls Tramp Across Continent for Adventure," The Tacoma Times, April 29, 1912
    Reporting in 1912, the Tacoma Times (Tacoma, WA) described the travels of two young women who, "with $1.50 and an unbounded zest for adventure," walked from New York to San Francisco in just 8 months. In the article, Daisy Myers and Mollie Dougan, pictured wearing the "same dusty khaki suits, brown sweaters, worn shoes and slouch hats," r […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Boston Marathon and the Nationwide Marathon Craze"
    Running through dust, rain, snow and mud, Thomas Longboat pulls ahead of his competitors, easily winning the Boston Marathon in April, 1907, and smashing the current record by more than five minutes despite the terrible weather conditions. In the next few years the marathon craze would move outside of Boston to sweep across the country with races run "i […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "AID WAS REJECTED - German Steamer Near Wreck Told by Titanic to Keep Out of Way," Evening Bulletin, April 20, 1912
    In April 1912, tragic details of Titanic's sinking continued to grip the world in the following days and weeks. Even as far away as Hawaii, the effects of the disaster were felt. A front page article in the Evening Bulletin (Honolulu, HI) reported Senate testimony by an assistant wireless operator regarding miscommunications between the S.S. Frankfurt a […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Great San Francisco Earthquake, 1906"
    Horrific shrieks of pain and grief pervade San Francisco as the most violent earthquake in modern history slams the city in the early morning hours of April 18, 1906. EARTHQUAKES DEAD MAY NUMBER 3,000; FIRE IS NOW RAGING, screamed the Final edition of the New York Evening World. This topic page provides useful information for searching about the 1906 San Fra […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Sinking of the Titanic"
    Lulled into a false sense of security, Titanic passengers continue their lively parties and return to their beds after an iceberg deals the fatal blow to the "unsinkable" ship. Hours later panic rushed through the more than 2,000 passengers as the few life boats filled and the ship began sinking. More than 1,300 people would die from drowning and f […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Tips for the Frugal American on Doing Paris," The Sun, March 24, 1912
    In 1912, the Sun (New York, NY) provided some helpful tips for the ocean-going traveler seeking adventure in Paris, France. Exercise economies by considering travel in second-class accommodations; do bring a rug; "Don't buy a deck chair;" "Do not play poker;" the writer advises. "Women seek pensions[sic]... men like the boulevar […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Roller Skating Craze"
    The roller skating craze claims 106 young lives in New York City in a ten-month period in 1912. "Pay[ing] the price for the venturesome pleasure," adventurous kids coast down hills while gaining speed and crash, at times into heavy trucks and automobiles. The fad began in 1905 and spread across the country, contributing to the health and influencin […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Cherry Trees"
    Wishing to beautify the nation’s capital, the new First Lady, Helen Taft, begins plans in 1909 to plant cherry trees along the Potomac. Hearing of this plan, Dr. Takamine and Consul Midzuno of Japan donate trees in the name of the City of Tokyo. The first 2,000 cherry trees arrived diseased and tragically had to be burned. Undeterred, Tokyo’s Mayor Yukio Oza […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Maxim Gorky, Russian Author - Revolutionary, Visits the US"
    Touring the United States with his beautiful mistress, Russian author and revolutionist Maxim Gorky’s scandal hits the American press, shocking friends and society. Evicted from New York hotels and having most of his speaking tour cancelled, the dashing “polygamous” hero is mobbed by women at every lecture. This topic page provides useful information for sea […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Kings Send Congratulations to Explorer Amundsen," March 9, 1912
    On March 6, 1912, telegrams and cables flew across the world from Hobart, Tasmania, with rumors that the British explorer Robert Scott had discovered the South Pole a few months prior and finally returned to civilization. Within hours, reporters quickly sent corrected news that it was actually Roald Amundsen of Norway who had appeared in Hobart, claiming he, […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Pancho Villa"
    Francisco "Pancho" Villa is wanted "dead or alive" by American troops after Villa's army of bandits murders 16 Americans in a raid on Columbus, New Mexico on March 10, 1916. Known at first as a "Robin Hood" in Mexico, the American press later portrayed Villa as a brutal villain "thirsting for blood" as war raged a […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Parachute Leap from Aeroplane," The Washington Herald, March 2, 1912
    Hurtling from more than 1000 feet in the air, Capt. Albert Berry made the first recorded parachute jump from an airplane, landing safely, on March 1, 1912. The Washington Herald (Washington, DC) reported the next day on the daring feat that occurred in front of "hundreds of soldiers" at Jefferson Barracks near St. Louis, MO. "I didn't fee […]
  • More than 550,000 pages and 100 Titles Added to Chronicling America in Recent Months
    Since October 2011, the National Digital Newspaper Program has expanded the Chronicling America site by more than 550,000 historic newspaper pages published in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Including titles like the Wenatchee Daily World (Wenatchee, WA), the Anti-Slavery Bugle (New-Lisbon, OH) and the Montana News (Lewiston, MT), these pages have been d […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Halley's Comet"
    Streaking toward Earth after a 75-year absence, Halley's Comet is reported in the popular press as an "evil eye of the sky," creating mass hysteria, the public fearing it would “snuff out all life on Earth.” Opportunistic entrepreneurs hawked anti-comet pills, gas masks, and comet-protecting umbrellas. In the end, the May 1910 event proved har […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Panama Canal"
    After a spirited debate, the U. S. Senate ratifies a treaty with the newly established Republic of Panama on February 23, 1904, giving the United States control over the Panama Canal Zone. Celebrated as the culmination of American technological ingenuity and medical innovation, the Panama Canal officially opened ten years later. At the time no single effort […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Woman Who, When a Child, Made Lincoln's Statue...," New-York Tribune, Feb. 11, 1912
    In an illlustrated article published in February 1912, the New-York Tribune described the life and recollections of American sculptor Vinnie Ream (Hoxie), who, at the tenacious age of sixteen, convinced President Abraham Lincoln to sit for a statue in the last months of his life. After Lincoln's assassination, Congress awarded Ream $10,000 to render the […]
  • Chronicling in America: "The Sinking of the Maine"
    Shaking the city of Havana to its core and breaking residential windows, an explosion destroys and sinks the U.S.S. Maine to the bottom of the Havana Harbor on the evening of February 15, 1898, blowing seamen out of their bunk beds as they slept. The American "yellow press" blamed Spain in banner headlines, outraging the public, inciting the rallyi […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Russo-Japanese War"
    Late in the night on February 8, 1904, Japan launches a surprise attack against the Russian-held Port Arthur, along the coast of Manchuria, beginning the Russo-Japanese War. Russia faced many defeats as it battled Japan while also fighting a revolution on the home front. In September 1905, President Teddy Roosevelt negotiated peace between the two countries, […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Skate Sailing an Exhilarating Winter Sport," The Evening Standard, Feb. 3, 1912
    Amongst several articles on winter sports, in February 1912, the Evening Standard (Ogden, UT), described the new winter hobby of skate sailing across frozen lakes in colder climes. Highlighting the importance of "a pair of sharp skates," the article told of expert speeds of "fifteen to eighteen miles an hour" and included candid photos of […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Haywood Trial"
    In connection with the bomb-rigged assassination of former Idaho Governor Frank Steunenberg, radical union official William "Big Bill" Haywood is arrested and extradited to Idaho in February of 1906 to face murder charges. Covered extensively by the media, Haywood's trial ended on July 29th, 1907 when he was acquitted with the help of respecte […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Bachelor Maids"
    "The Bachelor girl is growing in popularity," reports the Hilo Tribune (Hilo, HI) on January 22, 1904. Young, unmarried women’s social groups, known as Bachelor Maids’ Clubs, began in cities such as New York and Washington, DC. Not to be confused with “old maids” (or “spinsters”), these women opted to be independent of men, live on their own and ma […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Farming with Dynamite...," The Breckenridge News, Jan. 17, 1912
    Advocating progressive farming practices, in 1912 the Breckenridge News (Cloverport, KY) briefly published a weekly series of half-page illustrated articles extolling the value of using dynamite to improve soil. The articles not only describe the benefits possible with dynamite, but also address local farmers by name with suggestions on what such an improvem […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Prohibition"
    In an effort to make the nation "bone dry" and protect families from the effects of alcohol abuse, breweries, saloons, and distilleries are forced to close their doors after the ratification of the 18th Amendment on January 16, 1919. Ushering in the Prohibition Era, the legal enforcement of the law one year later sent the message of "let rum a […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Annexation of Hawaii"
    While a revolutionary crowd gathers outside the Iolani palace gates on January 14, 1893, Queen Liliuokalani is forced to relinquish control of the Hawaiian government. With the Queen dethroned, years of political turmoil would follow until Hawaii was officially annexed to the United States in 1898. This topic page provides useful information for searching ab […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "New Mexico Comes into the Union as 47th State...," El Paso Herald, Jan. 6, 1912
    In 1912, President William H. Taft signed the proclamation of statehood bringing New Mexico into "the Sisterhood of States." According to the El Paso Herald (El Paso, TX), parts of the new state, formerly ruled by Spain, then Mexico, had been U.S. territory since as early as 1845, with the whole being declared a territory in 1851. After delays asso […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Rise of the Flapper"
    The flapper craze arrives on the American scene in the 1920s, featuring young libertine women who bob their hair and dance the Charleston in short dresses. They frequent jazz clubs and use flapper jargon like "the cat's meow," "the bee's knees," or "that's so Jake." On January 2, 1905, the Tomahawk (White Eagle, M […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Train Wreck in Washington, DC, Dec. 30, 1906"
    On the foggy evening of December 30, 1906, a roaring steam locomotive crashes at full-speed into the back of three, flimsy, wooden passenger cars, sending bodies and debris flying for a quarter mile along the Baltimore & Ohio tracks, killing 53 people. As the huge locomotive lay hissing on its side, screams of agony pervaded the area as priests from the […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Owney, the Railway Mail Dog"
    Owney, the renowned railway mail dog, returns home to New York on Dec. 23, 1895, after his world tour. Owney became famous as he traveled by mail car around the United States and Canada, then by steamer to other countries including Japan, China, Singapore and more! He became a mascot for the postal service and has recently been featured on his own postage st […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America - "Theodore Roosevelt's Great White Fleet"
    On the warm, cloudy morning of December 16, 1907, President Theodore Roosevelt's "Great White Fleet," a force of sixteen battleships bristling with guns and painted sparkling white, steam out of Hampton Roads, Virginia to begin its 43,000-mile, 14-month circumnavigation of the globe "to demonstrate to the world America's naval prowes […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Carnegie Libraries in the United States"
    December 13, 1902 the first New York City Carnegie library opens. Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie gave millions of dollars to establish more than 1,600 libraries in the United States. This topic page provides useful information for searching about Carnegie libraries in Chronicling America's historic newspapers, including significant dates, associated sea […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Brake the Earth," Staunton Spectator and Vindicator, Nov. 30, 1911
    In 1911, the Staunton Spectator-Vindicator (Staunton, VA) boldly declared "Brake the Earth - Magnetic Storms are Robbing Our Planet of Motion." The article described the reported discovery, based on ten years of data, that magnetic storms were slowing the rotation of the earth and would bring it to a complete halt in just over 3300 years. Once it s […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Oscar Wilde: Author and Aesthete"
    On November 30, 1900, Oscar Wilde dies of cerebral meningitis surrounded by a few friends in a Parisian hotel room. Known as an "Apostle of Esthetes," who wrote "The Picture of Dorian Gray" and "The Importance of Being Earnest," his life was marked by fame and controversy. This topic page provides useful information for searchin […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Billy Sunday: Athlete and Evangelist"
    November 19, 1862, Billy Sunday is born in Ames, Iowa. Sunday began his career as a baseball player for the Chicago White Stockings, but later became one of the country's best known evangelists. Between 1896 and 1935 he gave an estimated 20,000 sermons. This topic page provides useful information for searching about Billy Sunday in Chronicling America […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Wise Turkeys Training Down for Thanksgiving," The Holt County Sentinel, Dec. 1, 1911
    In 1911, the Holt County Sentinel (Oregon, MO) illustrated a variety of calorie-burning activities that "wise turkeys" might use to keep from being guest of honor at the Thanksgiving Day meal. The cartoon of turkeys steaming in turkish baths, grazing on "anti-adipose pills," and even utilizing a "home trainer" treadmill of sorts […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "From Territory to Statehood: The West"
    Referred to as "the land of fertility and progress," Oklahoma enters into statehood November 16, 1907, becoming the country's 46th state. Two other western territories preceded Oklahoma's statehood, with Wyoming joining the Union on July 10, 1890, and Utah being admitted on January 4, 1896. This topic page provides useful information for […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Thief Thole Hith Eth," The Norfolk Weekly News-Journal, Nov. 10, 1911
    Illuminating the universal value of a complete alphabet in the world of publishing, in November 1911 the Norfolk Weekly News-Journal (Norfolk, NE) reported on the alleged theft of all letter "S" 's from the printing room of a Sawtelle, CA newspaper. According to the article, the editor of the Sawtelle Sentinel told his readers "an evil di […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "From Territory to Statehood: The Northern West"
    After years of serving as territories, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington all join the Union as new states in November 1889. Congress agreed to allow Montana and Washington to become states and they split the Dakota territory into two new states. Idaho soon followed, gaining statehood in July 1890. This topic page provides useful information […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Making Rain with Rockets," Hopkinsville Kentuckian, Nov. 7, 1911
    In November 1911, the Hopkinsville Kentuckian (Hopkinsville, KY) reprinted an article, credited to the London Daily Mail, describing a successful attempt to influence the weather in times of drought using fireworks to prompt rain. Recounting his experiences in 1905 while visiting a coffee plantation in India, the experimenter had "a supply of rockets ke […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Halloween"
    The 1907 Los Angeles Herald features well-known Halloween customs, like mischievous pranks and Jack-O-Lanterns, but also the obscure, like forecasting the matrimonial futures of lovers. Originating as a blend of mythology and Christian superstitions, Halloween is celebrated on the eve of All Saints’ or All Hallows Day with the belief that spirits of the dead […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The First Metropolitan Opera House"
    The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens on October 22, 1883 with a performance of Gounod's "Faust." The Metropolitan Opera Company is only able to perform for nine seasons before a fire destroys the building in August of 1892. Now known as "the Old Met," the building at 39th and Broadway was rebuilt and reopened in 1893, […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "REBELLION SWEEPS CHINA," The Marion Daily Mirror, October 13, 1911
    "From All Parts of Empire Reports of Bloodshed and Anarchy Come," reports the headline of the Marion Daily Mirror (Marion OH). The article goes on to call Sun Yat Sen a "man of high education and broad attainments," but stops shy of proclaiming him the leader of the 1911 rebellion.... Read more about it!
  • NEH Announces Guidelines for 2012 NDNP Awards - Application Deadline: January 17, 2012
    NEH is soliciting proposals from institutions to participate in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). NDNP is creating a national, digital resource of historically significant newspapers published between 1836 and 1922, from all the states and U.S. territories, published in English, French, Italian or Spanish. (See the website, Chronicling America: […]
  • NEWSPAPERS ADDED: more than 4.1 million pages available
    Last week, the Library of Congress updated the Chronicling America Web site with more than 190,000 additional newspaper pages in various titles. The site now provides access to more than 4.1 million searchable newspaper pages from 581 newspaper titles, published in 25 states and the District of Columbia between 1836 and 1922. To learn more about what newspap […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Mail Sent by Aviator," The Evening Standard, Sept. 23, 1911
    In 1911, the Evening Standard (Ogden, UT) reported that at an international aviators meet in New York, the first official US aerial postal service was to be conducted. Designating a new postmark indicating "special aerial service," the US Post Office established a regular branch office as "Aerial Station No. 1, Garden City, L.I." and plan […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Plucky Conductor Saves Lives of Babies," Evening Bulletin, Sept. 18, 1911
    Celebrating the heroism of an unassuming streetcar conductor, the Evening Bulletin (Honolulu, HI) highlighted the quick actions of one Henry Honan who saved 2 children from certain mayhem in downtown Honolulu in September 1911. The article described the conductor's heroic act of rescuing the children from the car's path by throwing himself ahead of […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The McKinley Assassination"
    President William McKinley dies on September 14, 1901 of complications from bullet wounds inflicted by Leon Czolgosz. Czolgosz, an anarchist, shot the President during one of his public appearances at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York. Initially doctors believed that President McKinley would survive the assassination attempt even though only o […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Astor Weds Madeline Force," The Tacoma Times, Sept. 9, 1911
    Amid controversy and disapproval from across the nation, divorced multi-millionaire Col. John Jacob Astor IV, age 47, married Madeline Force, age 18, in September 1911. In side-by-side articles, the Tacoma Times (Tacoma, WA) described both the simplicity of the socialite wedding, attended only by family at the Astor estates in Newport, RI, and the local disa […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "MANY VISITORS HERE TO JOIN IN THE LABOR DAY CELEBRATION...," Medford mail tribune, September 4, 1911
    In a day's festivities described as "The Greatest Celebration of Labor Day Ever Held in Southern Oregon," the Medford Mail Tribune (Medford, OR) celebrates with a front-page spread on September 4, 1911. A photo of the large Labor Day parade was just nudged out of top billing in the day's paper by a sensational murder trial....Read more ab […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The 19th Amendment"
    U.S. Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby certifies the 19th Amendment on August 26, 1920, giving women the Constitutional right to vote. First proposed in Congress in 1878, the amendment did not pass the House and Senate until 1919. It took another fifteen months before it was ratified by three-fourths of the states (thirty-six in total at the time) and fina […]
  • 100 Years Ago: " 'Mona Lisa,' the World's Greatest Portrait, Stolen...," The Washington Times, Aug. 23, 1911
    "Paris in an Uproar Over Loss of its Greatest Treasure," stated the Washington Times (Washington, DC) in August 1911. Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece, the "Mona Lisa," had mysteriously disappeared from its place on the walls of the Louvre Museum in Paris. Investigators discovered the painting's empty sixteenth-century frame in a […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Trial and Lynching of Leo Frank"
    On August 17, 1915 a mob of men abduct and lynch Jewish-American businessman Leo Frank near Marietta, Georgia. Convicted of the April 1913 murder of 13-year-old factory worker Mary Phagan in Atlanta, Georgia, Leo Frank appeals the conviction for the next two years, and the U.S. Supreme Court eventually rejects Frank's final appeal in April 1915. Leo Fra […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Wrights Sue All Aviators," Bisbee Daily Review, August 18, 1911
    In 1911, the Bisbee Daily Review (Bisbee, AZ) described legal action taken by the Wright Brothers against all aviators attending the International Aviation Meet in Chicago, IL. The article also described other highlights from the meet, including daring flights, speed trials, and bomb-throwing contests....Read more about it!
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Arrest and Trial of Lizzie Borden"
    Lizzie Borden is arrested for the murder of her father Andrew and stepmother Abby on August 11, 1892 in Fall River, Massachusetts. Following a grand jury indictment, Lizzie Borden went on trial for the murders in June of 1893. Although acquitted of the charges against her, the question of whether Lizzie Borden committed the murders remains to this day. This […]
  • NEH Announces $3.8 Million for 2011 NDNP Awards, including 3 New States
    The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) announced on July 27, 2011 awards totaling $3.8 million to 13 institutions representing their states in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). Three of these institutions - Indiana State Library, State Historical Society of North Dakota, and the West Virginia University Research Corporation - are new to […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Death of Pope Leo XIII and the Election of Pope Pius X"
    On August 4, 1903, the College of Cardinals in Vatican City elects Cardinal Giuseppe Sarto as the new Pope after the lengthy illness and death of Pope Leo XIII. He chooses the name Pius X, and leads the Catholic Church until his death in 1914. This topic page provides useful information for searching about the Papacy, including Pope Pius X and his predecesso […]
  • Chronicling America UPDATED: New Mexico, Tennessee and Vermont news added, plus new decades of coverage back to 1836
    This week the Library of Congress updated Chronicling America to include newspapers from 3 new states added to the program in 2010 and additional coverage for 1836-1859. New Mexico, Tennessee and Vermont are now included with 22 other states and the District of Columbia in Chronicling America's almost 4 million pages of historic newspaper pages, publish […]
  • 150 Years Ago: Glorious Victory?...the First Battle of Bull Run
    Posted this week by the National Endowment of the Humanities, an essay entitled "Glorious Victory? Historic newspapers capture the growing conflict during the week of the First Battle of Bull Run" highlights news coverage included in the Web site Chronicling America of one of the first major engagements of the Civil War. The essay includes descript […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Harry Houdini, Master Magician"
    Harry Houdini escapes from an underwater box in front of fifteen thousand people in New York on July 15, 1914. Houdini, known as the 'Handcuff King,' made numerous notable escapes from the beginning of his career in the 1890's until his death in 1926, including wriggling out of a straightjacket while suspended in the air as well as escaping be […]
  • 130 Years Ago: "Billy the Kid Killed at Last," The Sun, July 19, 1881
    In July 1881, the Sun (New York, NY) reported the death of "notorious outlaw" Billy the Kid at Fort Sumner (now in New Mexico). According to the report, Sheriff Pat Garrett surprised the legendary desperado around midnight, "when the Kid entered [the room where Garrett was questioning another resident] in his stocking feet, knife in hand, and […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Coeur d'Alene Mining Disputes"
    Violence erupts between union workers, protesting wage reductions and increased hours, and company guards at a mine in Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, on July 11, 1892. These riots resulted in several deaths and the declaration of martial law by the Governor of Idaho. In 1899, escalating violence at a Coeur d'Alene area mine again required military intervent […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Jack London Catches Trout With Diamond," New-York Tribune, July 9, 1911
    As a well-known celebrity, author Jack London made the headlines in July 1911 during a fishing vacation in the Olympic Mountains. According to the New-York Tribune (New York, NY), London was staying near Lake Crescent, WA, fishing for Beardslee trout, a rare species. After several unsuccessful days, "suddenly the author was seized with an inspiration, […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Jack Johnson vs. James Jeffries"
    Jack Johnson wins the "Battle of the Century" against James Jeffries on July 4, 1910 in Reno, Nevada. The fight between Johnson and Jeffries sparked nation-wide response, including both celebrations and riots. Johnson was the first African American Heavyweight Champion of the World, and held the title until 1915. This topic page provides useful inf […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Garfield Assassination"
    President James A. Garfield is shot by Charles Guiteau at the Baltimore & Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C on July 2, 1881. Although he was severely wounded, President Garfield initially survived the shooting. He never fully recovered though, and passed away on September 19, a mere six months after his inauguration as President. This topic pag […]
  • 97 Years Ago: "Victims of Assassin's Bullets," The Democratic Banner, June 30, 1914
    Almost a century ago, the Democratic Banner (Mt. Vernon, OH) reported on the assassination of Archduke Frances Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, and his wife in Sarajevo, Bosnia. Covering the event in detail, the article describes a failed bombing attempt earlier in the day, the fatal shots, and the Serbian nationalists who perpetrated both att […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Butch Cassidy (Robert LeRoy Parker)"
    Butch Cassidy and three other men rob a Telluride, Colorado bank on June 24, 1889. This robbery is the first major crime attributed to Cassidy, who would go on to become a notorious bank and train robber, become the leader of the "Wild Bunch" gang, and inspire legends for years to come. This topic page provides useful information for searching abou […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "George V Crowned King Britain," Medford Mail Tribune, June 22, 1911
    " 'God Save the King' Echoed 'Round the World" proclaimed the Medford Mail Tribune (Medford, OR) in June 1911 on the occasion of the coronation of George V of Britain. Describing "the swarming by hundreds of thousands into the streets," and the attendant pomp and spectacle of the royal event, several articles provided detai […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Theodore Roosevelt's Africa Expedition"
    In June of 1910 Theodore Roosevelt returns from a lengthy expedition to Africa. A popular topic in the press, readers were fascinated both by former President Roosevelt as well as his destination. After his return, Roosevelt published a book titled "African Game Trails," which gathered together the monthly articles he wrote for "Scribner' […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Saloon Smasher is Dead," The Times Dispatch, June 10, 1911
    "She Will Smash No More Saloons," proclaimed the Times Dispatch (Richmond, VA) when Carrie Nation, well-known "anti-liquor crusader" died in Leavenworth, KS, in June 1911. Describing her personal history along with her political activism, the paper reported she was known for "lecturing on the evils of drink and ... following her spee […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Clara Barton"
    In June of 1889, Clara Barton and 50 American Red Cross volunteers assist the survivors in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, after a massive flood kills over 2,000 residents. The response to this disaster was one of the first major relief efforts organized by the American Red Cross, which Barton founded in 1881. She led the American Red Cross for 23 years, helping es […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Learn the Habits of the Capricious Canoe...," New-York Tribune, June 4, 1911
    "...the real dangers of canoeing lie not with the boat but with the persons who use it...." So claimed the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) in a 1911 feature on the proper use and fun to be had in handling a canoe. Including illustrations of the "right way" and the "wrong way" to enter a canoe, the article highlights successful a […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Presidential Administrations: Cleveland"
    On June 2, 1886, President Grover Cleveland marries 21-year-old Frances Folsom in the White House. Although it is one of many notable events during Cleveland's first term as President, the marriage is surprising as most people thought President Cleveland would marry Frances' mother, Emma. The White House wedding was the beginning point for the only […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Brooklyn Bridge; Fanfare and Fatalities"
    The Brooklyn Bridge opens as the longest suspension bridge in the world on May 24, 1883. The excitement and celebration of the opening are soon tainted by a stampede, caused by panic after a late afternoon accident on the bridge, on May 30, 1883. Although other accidents and events on the bridge make headlines for years to come, the bridge still stands and i […]
    The Library of Congress has made big changes to the Chronicling America Web site, giving it a new look and several new features. An exciting and prominent addition to the site is the "100 Years Ago Today" gallery, which provides front page views to century-old newspapers. Searching and navigation are improved as well - the site now enables users to […]
  • NEWSPAPERS ADDED: 3.7 million pages now available
    Last week, the Library of Congress updated the Chronicling America Web site with more than 230,000 additional newspaper pages in various titles. The site now provides access to more than 3.7 million searchable newspaper pages from 506 newspaper titles, published in 22 states and the District of Columbia between 1860 and 1922 . Chronicling America is produced […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Woman Rules Town," The Appeal, May 20, 1911
    With "no doubt of their radical intentions," in 1911, the Appeal (St. Paul, MN) reported on the installation of Mrs. Ella Wilson, newly-elected mayor of Hunnewell, Kansas. The Appeal described Wilson as the second woman mayor in US history, but "the first woman...to rule a city surrounded with women officials to do her bidding," describin […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Pericardis Affair"
    Ion Pericardis, an American businessman, is kidnapped on May 18, 1904 in Tangier, Morocco and held for ransom. President Theodore Roosevelt demands that the Moroccan government obtain Pericardis' release and orders Navy ships to Morocco. Pericardis is eventually released unharmed, and the incident is now often remembered for the statement made by US Sec […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Sinking of the Lusitania"
    Despite published newspaper articles warning against travel on Allied ships, the RMS Lusitania departed from New York on May 1, 1915, bound for Liverpool. As the ship sailed near Ireland on May 7, it was torpedoed by a German U-boat and sank, killing over 1,100 people on board. A later British investigation into the incident ruled that the Lusitania was atta […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Dogs Bark Final Farewell to Society..." San Francisco Call, May 7, 1911
    With photos of a range of dog breeds included, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) highlighted the final day of the Golden Gate kennel club show in May 1911, calling it "the most successful kennel club show held on the coast." Incorporating many breeds, ranging from "Tom Tiddler" the Irish terrier to the Pomeranian "Bambino, […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Haymarket Affair"
    On May 4, 1886, a bomb detonates near Haymarket Square in Chicago after police arrive to break up a rally in support of striking workers. This protest is one of a number of strikes, demonstrations, and other events held by workers and their supporters in Chicago from May 1-4 to advocate for an eight hour workday. Many police officers and protesters are wound […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Madero Acting for All Rebels", El Paso Herald, April 29, 1911
    "All insurrectos in arms in Mexico will abide by the results of the peace conference, is the belief of Francisco I. Madero, provisional president," reported the El Paso Herald (El Paso, TX) in April 1911, during a temporary armistice between Mexican revolutionaries and federal forces. Throughout the civil unrest of the Mexican Revolution, the El Pa […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "St. Louis World's Fair (The Louisiana Purchase Exposition, 1904)"
    To commemorate the centennial of the signing of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty, the dedication ceremonies for the Louisiana Purchase Exposition, also known as the St. Louis World's Fair, were held April 30, 1903. One year later, the Fair was officially opened by President Theodore Roosevelt. Among other things, the Fair showcased technological innovation […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Halley's Comet"
    Reports of Halley's Comet sightings began to appear in the news one hundred eleven years ago today, on April 20, 1910. A great deal of public anxiety existed prior to the initial observations of the comet, as it was thought the comet might "Kill All Earth Life." Halley's Comet passed by the Earth without incident however, and life continu […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Slippers of Fur, Not Glass," The Coconino Sun, April 14, 1911
    In 1911, the Coconino Sun (Flagstaff, AZ) included a small article describing the writing of the Cinderella fairy tale. According to the article, the original author, Perrault "misread the text, [and] decked out his heroine in slippers of verre (glass)," rather than the more likely "vair," or miniver, "the royal fur of that time. […]
  • 150 Years Ago: "War Begun! Fort Sumter Taken!...," White Cloud Kansas Chief, April 13, 1861
    One hundred fifty years ago, the White Cloud Kansas Chief (White Cloud, KS) described the events surrounding the shelling of Fort Sumter, South Carolina, by Confederate forces at the start of the Civil War. Indicating the information was derived from a series of "despatches" [sic] received from South Carolina sources, the paper stated "Hostili […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The Building of the Titanic"
    On April 10, 1912, the RMS Titanic left Southampton, England on her maiden voyage to New York City. Even before this first voyage the Titanic had already made headlines, starting with the announcement of its planned construction in 1908 and later when construction began in 1909. Designed to be the largest, most luxurious passenger steamship in the world and […]
  • MORE NEWSPAPERS ADDED: 165,500 historic newspapers added to Chronicling America
    This week the Library of Congress added more than 165,500 historic newspaper pages to the Chronicling America Web site. This update includes new titles from Nebraska, Louisiana, Hawaii, Utah, Texas, and Virginia, as well as many issues added for existing titles. The site now includes more than 3.4 million pages from 457 titles published between 1860 and 1922 […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "The 1905 Movement to Reform Football"
    The Intercollegiate Athletic Association of the United States (IAAUS), now known as the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), was formally established on March 31, 1906 to reform the rules and regulations of college sports. Early football games often resulted in injury and even death, prompting some colleges and universities to close their footbal […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire"
    On March 25, 1911, fire broke out in the factory building of the Triangle Waist Company in New York City killing 146 workers, many of them young immigrant women. Although the factory owners, Max Blanck and Isaac Harris, were later indicted by a grand jury, they were eventually acquitted and no one was held responsible for the deaths. Eventually, however, the […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Aeroplane Outwits the 'Enemy'...," Bisbee Daily Review, March 23, 1911
    As reported by the Bisbee Daily Review (Bisbee, AZ), in 1911 the military began to experiment with the use of airplanes in maneuvers. During American war games in Texas, commanders utilized a biplane to communicate quickly over long distances, covering 28 miles in 25 minutes and "establishing [the aeroplane's] worth and utility for use in the army. […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Tower to Be Saved," The Appeal, March 11, 1911
    In 1911, the Appeal (St. Paul, MN) reported on a new effort in Paris, France, to repurpose the famous 984 foot Eiffel Tower as a radio-telegraphy station, enhancing communications with ships thousands of miles away. In cooperation with the Paris Observatory, the tower would signal twice a day the hour "exact within a tenth of a second" to ships as […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Hope Diamond, Famous 'Hoodoo,' Busy Once More," The Washington Times, March 8, 1911
    In 1911, the Washington Times (Washington, DC) reported on the recent woes of the Hope Diamond's latest possessors, Edward B. McLean and his wife Evelyn. Chronicling the famous gem's reputation as a " 'hoodoo,' bringing misfortune and trouble to its owners," the Times described a law suit brought against the McLeans by the jewel […]
  • 115 Years Ago: "The Truth About X Rays," The Iola Register, Feb. 28, 1896
    In 1896, the new invention of X-ray technology was reviewed and explained in this article from the Iola Register (Iola, KS). As "a Correct and Lucid Statement of the Facts about the New Photography," the article highlighted Professor Roentgen's discovery, the state of photographic technology at the time, and Roentgen's speculation that he […]
  • CHRONICLING AMERICA Update: 178,000 more pages and "Sneak peek" at new interface features
    The Library of Congress has updated the Chronicling America site with an additional 178,000 pages (including 25 new titles) and a "sneak peek" at upcoming changes to the Web site itself. These changes include a new overall look, a "100 Years Ago Today" daily slideshow, new search features, and improved results navigation, to name a few. T […]
  • 98 Years Ago: "Income Tax Part of Constitution," The Rice Belt Journal, Feb. 7, 1913
    In February 1913, as reported by the Rice Belt Journal (Welsh, LA), the proposed 16th amendment to the US Constitution allowing the federal government to tax personal income received the additional state ratifications necessary for adoption. Delaware, Wyoming, and New Mexico all ratified the amendment at the same time, pushing the number of states that appro […]
  • HISTORY AND TODAY'S NEWS: "Hawks of Bad Character," Tombstone Epitaph, Sept. 10, 1916
    As the reader might know from recent news coverage, last week, a young Cooper's Hawk took up residence in the Library of Congress' Main Reading Room (see http://blogs.loc.gov/loc/2011/01/breaking-news-hawk-rescued-from-main-reading-room/). While the hawk has now been safely captured and "sent to a stint in rehab," it is clear from the med […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Aero Rises from Water, Glides Back to Surface," The Washington Herald, Jan. 27, 1911
    Famed aviator Glenn Curtiss set a new flying record in January 1911 when he successfully launched and landed his "aeroplane" on the surface of San Diego Bay in California. The Washington Herald (Washington, DC) reported that Curtiss "flew two miles, returned to the starting place, and alighted on the water as lightly as a gull..." Read mo […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Women Would Not Shirk Jury Duty," Tacoma Times, Jan. 14, 1911
    In January 1911, the Tacoma Times (Tacoma, WA) reported on the first "Equal Suffrage" convention held after women were granted the right to vote in Washington state in 1910. "It was a jubilee session..." where the new voters made it clear that "women want no tampering by the legislature in Olympia with their new rights and responsibi […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Continental Bill for $8 Found in Bible...", The San Francisco Call, Jan. 7, 1911
    In 1911, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) carried a small front-page article on the unexpected discovery of a small U.S. currency bill printed in 1776, authorized by the Continental Congress. The paper, bearing the inscription "This bill entitles the bearer to receive eight Spanish milled dollars, or their value thereof in gold or silver..., […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Buglers Sound Call" The Marion Daily Mirror, January 1, 1911
    "President and Vice President, The Cabinet Officers, The Ambassadors and Diplomats, The Judiciary and Congressmen, With Their Wives and Sweethearts, The Department Officials, and the Common People, All Seem to be in it for a Gala Occasion." The Marion Daily Mirror (Marion, OH) publishes "New Year's Greetings" from 1911... Read more a […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Happy Throng Hears Songs of Days Agone," Brisbee Daily Review, Dec. 25, 1910
    In 1910, the Brisbee Daily Review (Brisbee, AZ) reported a Christmas Eve celebration with a band in the street, singing carols and serenading the town. "Following the ancient custom of their home land, a large number of Englishmen gathered on the street and sang the old Christmas Carols." The evening ended with a well attended mask ball at the Odd […]
  • MORE NEWSPAPERS ADDED: 440,000 pages added
    On December 15, 2010, the Library of Congress added more than 440,000 historic newspaper pages to the Chronicling America Web site. This most recent update expands date coverage for many titles already represented in the site and includes a wealth of content in new titles from Hawaii, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Nebraska, Oregon, Oklaho […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Ellis Island"
    On December 17, 1900, the new Immigrant Station for receiving and processing the immigration of thousands of newcomers to the United States opened on Ellis Island. The New-York Tribune (New York, NY) described the new facility as "spacious and well-lighted," showing contrasting photos of the old Barge Office and the new building. This topic page pr […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Glass on the Road," Graham Guardian, Dec. 2, 1910
    In 1910, the Graham Guardian (Safford, AZ) reported on the societal tensions raised when adapting to the new technology of automobiles. "There is a certain element that don't want progression and who should live in the sand hills and eat jack rabbits!" declared the Guardian in protest against vandals placing broken glass on roadways and damagi […]
  • 141 Years Ago: "The Suez Canal," The National Republican, Nov. 22, 1869
    In November 1869 the Suez Canal, Egypt, opened with much celebration and fanfare. The National Republican (Washington, DC) provided cable news of the opening events throughout the week, including the participation of many dignitaries from both the Middle East and Europe. "The complete success of the great work exceeds all expectations," the paper p […]
  • 127 Years Ago: "New Standard Time," Daily Globe, Nov. 25, 1883
    In 1883, the Daily Globe (St. Paul, MN) reported on the implementation of new standard time zones across Canada and the U.S. Encompassing 5 divisions from east to west - Intercolonial, Eastern, Central, Mountain and Pacific - the new time tables, based on longitude, standardized railway schedules and cross-continental communication so that "now all time […]
  • 100 Hundred Years Ago: "World's Record is Broken by Ohioan," Nov. 8, 1910
    Describing what was billed as the first commercial flight, the Marion Daily Mirror (Marion, OH) reported that aviator Philip Parmalee had broken the world cross-country flight speed record by traveling from Dayton to Columbus, OH, a journey of 62 miles, in 55 minutes. The no. 10 Wright aeroplane carried over 200 pounds in bundled silk as freight and landed b […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Festive Pumpkin," Salt Lake Herald-Republican, Oct. 30, 1910
    Describing the humble pumpkin in glowing terms, the Salt Lake Herald Republican (Salt Lake City, UT) of 1910 sang the praises of "Nature's golden globe" and its history, use as decoration, food value and, of course, its role in Halloween celebrations. "Pity the boy who has not in the halcyon days of his youth...carved the grinning teeth.. […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Johnstone Makes Altitude Record," Bisbee Daily Review, Oct. 29, 1910
    Covering a 1910 international aviation competition, the Bisbee Daily Review (Bisbee, AZ) reported on Ralph Johnstone's record-breaking altitude climb to 8,471 feet in a gas-powered balloon. While the competition took place at Belmont Park in New York, the Arizona paper included descriptions of the action, an interview with the record-breaker and photos […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Voters, Last Chance to Register," Paducah Evening Sun, October 15, 1910
    Edging out other news in October of 1910, the top headline for the Paducah Evening Sun (Paducah, KY) tells voters to complete voter registrations. Competing for top billing are a new train bridge, a transatlantic dirigible flight, price fixing by breweries, a tornado, and new details on a shooting. Also making the front page, a homeless girl who seemed fine […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Roosevelt Goes Up in Aeroplane," New-York Tribune, Oct. 12, 1910
    Although in St. Louis, MO, primarily on speaking engagements, as reported in the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) in October 1910, ex-President Theodore Roosevelt quickly became the center of attention at a local "aviation meeting" when he directed his car to drive directly to a just-landed aeroplane [sic] and, at the pilot's invitation, climbe […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Explosion Destroys Times Bldg.," Los Angeles Herald, Oct 1, 1910
    In October 1910, the Los Angeles Herald (Los Angeles, CA) reported on the early morning bombing of the Los Angeles Times offices. With an estimated 100 injured or missing, within hours the Times managing editor issued the following statement: "The Times building was blown up by dynamite by the enemies of industrial freedom this morning. The Times cannot […]
  • 148 Years Ago: "BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. A PROCLAMATION" The National Republican, Sep. 23, 1862
    "I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America..." was the headline on September 23, 1862. Lincoln outlines, advocates, and reproduces the Emancipation Proclamation in the National Republican, during the midst of the Civil War .... Read more about it!
  • MORE NEWSPAPERS ADDED: 380,000 pages added to Chronicling America, incl. pages from 3 new states (LA, MT, SC)
    On Sept 16, 2010, the Library of Congress added more than 380,000 historic newspaper pages to the Chronicling America Web site, including newspapers from 3 new states - Louisiana, Montana, and South Carolina - and expanding the site's time coverage further into the Civil War era. The site now includes almost 2.7 million pages from 348 titles published b […]
  • 2011 NDNP Application Deadline Extended to Jan 13, 2011
    On Sept. 14, 2010, the National Endowment for the Humanities announced the 2011 National Digital Newspaper Program award application deadline would be extended to Jan. 13, 2011. Institutions receiving 2011 awards will be notified in August 2011 and begin NDNP participation in September 2011.
  • 100 Years Ago: "Married at the Age of 92," The Evening Standard, Sep. 10, 1910
    "Old Man Finds His Affinity Rather Late In Life..." was the headline on September 10, 1910. In Chicago, a man lacking only two months until his 92nd birthday applied for a marriage license to wed Miss Helen Conger. "Previously eighty-five years had been the age of the oldest applicant" .... Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Panic in Suburbs Over Zoo Animals," The Washington Times, Sep. 2, 1910
    "A report that a lion, a bear, a tiger, or some other jungle beast, was at large in the vicinity of Connecticut and Cathedral avenues..." was the headline on September 2, 1910. Reports of eyewitnesses reported battles between police and beast, but such reports were greatly exaggerated.... Read more about it!
  • NDNP 2011 Technical Guidelines for Applicants updated
    On Aug. 31, 2010, the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) posted a revision to Technical Guidelines for Applicants for 2011 awards, correcting the description of coding practices for non-English newspaper text. See Document Control section for more information.
  • 100 Years Ago: "Edison Makes Shadows Talk," Washington Herald, Aug. 27, 1910
    In 1910, Thomas A. Edison, inventor extraordinaire, demonstrated a new technique for synchronizing moving pictures and phonographs using a "kinetophone." The article describes the system as "A phonograph...located behind the screen..." connected to "the moving picture machine" and "controlled by a pulley which runs across t […]
  • NEH Announces Guidelines for 2011 NDNP Awards - Application Deadline: Nov. 2, 2010
    NEH is soliciting proposals from institutions to participate in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). NDNP is creating a national, digital resource of historically significant newspapers published between 1836 and 1922, from all the states and U.S. territories, published in English, French, Italian or Spanish. This searchable database will be perman […]
  • 90 Years Ago: "Suffrage Ratified; Women of Nation Now Voters," Evening Public Ledger, Aug. 18, 1920
    Ninety years ago today, 27 million women were granted the right to vote for U.S. president when Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. The Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia, PA) highlighted the passage of the Amendment in Tennessee by a narrow margin, profiled suffrage activities in several states and, on p. […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: Ping-Pong
    "If you would be the proper thing, with progress keep along. Ah then I rede ye, learn to 'ping,' and also learn to 'pong', " wrote the Houston Daily Post (Houston, TX) in 1902. Between 1901 and 1903, America went crazy for the British past-time of "ping-pong," also known as table tennis. From articles on who was playin […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Crippen Taken on High Seas," The Democratic Banner, Aug. 2, 1910
    In August 1910, the world was gripped by the sensational transatlantic hunt for Dr. Hawley Crippen who disappeared suddenly from England with his companion, Miss Le Neve, after being "charged with the murder and mutilation of his actress wife." In a dramatic retelling, the Democratic Banner (Mt. Vernon, OH) recounted the discovery and arrest off th […]
  • 100 Years Ago: " 'Some Cranks I Have Met' - Thomas A. Edison," San Francisco Call, July 31, 1910
    In the Sunday Magazine section, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) published a "chat" with inventor Thomas A. Edison regarding the many suggestions and proposals for "revolutioniz[ing] the world" that he received every day. Declaring "This is great weather for cranks; they incubate in the summertime, you know," Mr. Ediso […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Trophies of the Roosevelt Hunt," Valentine Democrat, July 28, 1910
    In July 1910, the Valentine Democrat (Valentine, NE) described the disposition of animal "trophies" from Theodore Roosevelt's 1909 hunting tour of Africa. The article describes the intended deposit of specimens to the "National museum" in Washington, DC, the state of modern taxidermy, and Roosevelt's personal exploits supporting […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Babe Ruth Hits 30th Homer, Surpassing World's Record," Evening Public Ledger, July 19, 1920
    Almost 100 years ago, the Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia, PA) reported on a record-setting home run hit by "George H. Ruth, the bustin' Babe of baseball." Having set a new major league record in hitting 30 home runs 3 months into the season, the paper pointed out that the Yankee "Colossus of Clout" had more than 70 games to go a […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Echoes from Great Fight," Richmond Planet, July 16, 1910
    Almost two weeks after the initial boxing match, the newspapers of July 1910 continued to buzz about the Jack Johnson vs. Jim Jeffries fight in Reno, Nevada, that took place on July 4. The Richmond Planet (Richmond, VA) reported on victor Johnson's statements after the fight that his then-manager offered him a large sum of money to "[throw] the fig […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "EXTRA: Johnson Wins in 15th Round," Palestine Daily Herald, July 4, 1910
    On July 4, 1910, the Palestine Daily Herald (Palestine, TX) reported Jack Johnson's fifteenth round victory over James Jeffries. "Johnson slipped off his robe... An American flag circled his belt." "Jeffries is attired in short blue trunks, with an American flag around his belt." Reporting on what has since been called the fight of t […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: The Stanford White Murder - "Trial of the Century"
    On June 25, 1906, millionaire Harry Thaw murdered famed architect Stanford White in a jealous rage over Thaw's actress wife, Evelyn Nesbit. The ensuing high-society trials (the first ended in a dead-locked jury) gripped the nation's headlines for more than a year. This topic page provides useful information for searching these events in the Chronic […]
  • MORE NEWSPAPERS ADDED: 275,000 pages added to Chronicling America, incl. pages from 4 new states (IL, KS, OK, OR)
    On June 16, 2010 the Library of Congress added more than 275,000 historic newspaper pages to the Chronicling America Web site, including newspapers from 4 new states - Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma and Oregon - and expanding the site's time coverage into the Civil War era. The site now includes more than 2.3 million pages from 295 titles published between […]
  • NEH Announces $2.8 Million for 2010 NDNP Awards, including 3 New States
    The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) announced on June 10, 2010, awards totaling $2.88 million to 9 institutions representing their states in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). Three of these institutions, University of New Mexico, University of Tennessee and University of Vermont, are new to the program this year. Six other institutio […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Britishers Make First Non-Stop Atlantic Flight," The Evening Missourian, June 16, 1919
    Almost 100 years ago, Capt. John Alcott and Lt. W. A. Brown made history when they successfully crossed the Atlantic by air without stopping. Their harrowing 16-hour (and 12 min.) flight from Newfoundland to Ireland was described in the Evening Missourian (Columbia, MO) in detail. Flying through fog and sleet at approximately 120 miles per hour, the plane […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "O. Henry, Weaver of Tales, is Dead," New-York Tribune, June 6, 1910
    In June 1910, William Sidney Porter, better known by the pen name "O. Henry," died in a New York City hospital, as reported in the New-York Tribune (New York, NY). The extended article includes a photograph of the well-known author and a detailed profile of his life, works, and desire for anonymity.... Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Memorial Day," Mountain Advocate, May 27, 1910
    The Mountain Advocate (Barbourville, KY) in May 1910 reminded readers to "heap honors on the thinning ranks of the [Civil War] veterans" during the country's celebration of Memorial Day. In patriotic tones, the author applauds those "who answered the first call of President Lincoln" and then "returned to the occupations they had […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Awaiting the Transit of Comet," The Hawaiian Gazette, May 20, 1910
    In May 1910, feature stories on the passage of Halley's Comet through the Earth's skies abounded in the nation's newspapers. The Hawaiian Gazette (Honolulu, HI) described the comet's track, scientific findings to date, and likely outcomes of the comet's passage. "The earth will merely be bathed in an extra flood of light," […]
  • Featured Newspaper: The Jewish Herald (Houston, TX), 1908-1914
    Begun in 1908, the Jewish Herald (Houston, TX) was "a weekly publication, devoted to matters of interest to the Hebrew citizens of Houston." Its editor, Edgar Goldberg, focused the paper's coverage on "noteworthy sermons, editorials, and commentaries on various aspects of the American Jewish experience" including happenings in the lo […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Dynamite Bombs," St. Paul Daily Globe, May 5, 1886
    In May 1886, the St. Paul Daily Globe (St. Paul, MN) reported on clashes between police and socialist labor advocates in Haymarket Square, Chicago, IL. Chronicling the day's events, the Globe described the circumstances of the socialist meeting and the timeline of the riot and bombing, as well as similar events in the nearby city of Milwaukee, WI.... Re […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Mark Twain Dies at Redding Home," New-York Tribune, April 22, 1910
    In 1910, the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) described the death of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as author Mark Twain, in Redding, CT. Describing his literary works, honors, speeches, family life, and even the origin of his pen name in numerous articles on pages 1 and 2, the Tribune provided details of the life and times, progress, and challenges o […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Along the Oklahoma Line," Omaha Daily Bee, April 22, 1889
    In April 1889, the Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, NE) described the land rush into the Oklahoma Territory by would-be "boomers." With reporting from Springfield, IL, and Arkansas City, KS, the Bee covered political perspectives on the new land settlement, actual logistics planning for the event, and the general excitement brewing as "Everybody seems […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Play Ball! is Slogan; President on Slab," The Washington Times, April 14, 1910
    In 1910, the Washington Times (Washington, DC) reported with enthusiasm on President William H. Taft's baseball interest and attendance at the American League's opening game of the season in Washington, DC. Described as "the greatest baseball enthusiast who has ever had the right to smoke in the parlor at the White House," President Taft […]
  • Chronicling America has more then 2 million pages online!
    On April 2, the National Digital Newspaper Program added more than 302,000 historic newspaper pages to the Chronicling America Web site, hosted by the Library of Congress. The site now provides free and open access to 2,037,000 pages from 255 titles, that were published between 1880 and 1922 in 15 states and the District of Columbia. This most recent update […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Roosevelt at Tombs of Egyptian Kings," Salt Lake Herald-Republican, Mar. 26, 1910
    After leaving office in 1909, President Theodore Roosevelt began a a well-publicized African safari accompanied by his family. In March 1910, the Salt Lake Herald-Republican (Salt Lake City, UT) reported on his arrival in Egypt, camel rides and tours of ancient tombs. The article also mentioned that "The privacy...of the Americans was invaded...by a mov […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "First Licensed Woman Wireless Operator..." Evening Public Ledger, Mar. 15, 1918
    In 1918, the Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia, PA) reported on Mrs. F.B. Chambers, the first licensed women wireless operator and her activities teaching other women to do "radio work" to support the nation's war efforts in Europe. Also on the page are articles covering "Women's Varied Interests," including news of women
  • Chronicling America Live-Web Demonstration: "Extra! Extra! More than 1.7 Million Pages Online" - Wed., Mar. 17, 2010 at 2:00 p.m. EST
    Extra! Extra! More than 1.7 Million Newspaper Pages Now Online Get the news of yesteryear here! Explore contemporary reports of the fight for women's rights, St. Patrick's Day celebrations, baseball scores, earthquakes, and more! It's the news you want and the news you need from Chronicling America, the Library of Congress gateway to America […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Amundsen Got There," The Norfolk Weekly News-Journal, Mar. 8, 1912
    In March 1912, the Norfolk Weekly News-Journal (Norfolk, NE) reported the famed Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen had telegraphed from Hobart, Tasmania, the news of his success in reaching the South Pole 3 months earlier. Including photographs provided by the American Press Association, the article detailed the race to the South Pole between Amundsen and Cap […]
  • Featured Newspaper: The Independent (Honolulu, HI), 1895-1905
    Published on the heels of another paper of the same title, the Independent (Honolulu, HI) reported on the daily news and events of life in the Hawaiian Islands during the post-monarchy provisional and territorial governments. Its editor, Edmund Norrie, was critical of these non-Hawaiian governments and championed the restoration of the Hawaiian monarchy and […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Let Typhoid Mary Out," The Sun, Feb. 21, 1910
    In 1910, the Sun (New York, NY) reported on the release of Mary Mallon, "flippantly known as Typhoid Mary," from a 3-year island quarantine. According to the New York Health Department, Mallon was a carrier of typhoid fever and was "a source of danger to persons in whose houses she has lived"....Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Skee Experts Tuning Up for the National Tourney..." The Washington Herald, Feb. 13, 1910
    In February 1910, the Washington Herald (Washington, DC) described a national contest being held in Coleraine, MN, for competitive ski jumping. The article describes the sport as "...as dangerous as high diving." Details of its competitors and record holders, how the jumps are created, and photographs of a similar Norwegian contest are also include […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: The Russo-Japanese War
    In February of 1904, Japan launched an attack against Russian-held Port Arthur in the Asian Far East, beginning the Russo-Japanese War. The topic page presents significant dates of the war and sample article links from pages that can be found in the Chronicling America: American Historic Newspapers (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/). The article links foll […]
  • Historic Illustrated Newspapers Added to Flickr
    The Library of Congress has added illustrated newspaper pages from 1910 to the LC Flickr photostream. The New-York Tribune Illustrated Supplement section, printed on Sundays, published images of signature events of the year, including: planning for the arrival of the Titanic, the opening of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, imaginative illustrations of future […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The World's Periodicals May Be Found in This Reading Room," The Washington Times, Jan. 4, 1903
    In 1903, the Washington Times (Washington, DC) profiled the Library of Congress's Newspaper and Periodical Reading Room. including photographs of the room and staff at work, description of what was available and highlights of the collection. According to the article, at the time, the Library of Congress collected more than 7,000 newspapers and managed m […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "World Famous Aviators Begin Aerial Contest Today," Los Angeles Herald, Jan. 10, 1910
    In January 1910, the Los Angeles Herald (Los Angeles, CA) began 2 weeks of continuous front-page coverage of "the first international meeting of the kings of the air," or Aviation Week, as they called it. Performing daily feats of aerial derring-do before crowds of 50,000 spectators, the world's most famous aviators converged on Los Angeles to […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The World's Largest Vessel, the Titanic, Now Being Built," The Daytona Daily News, Jan. 8, 1910
    Including an architectural illustration and actual site photograph, the 1910 Daytona Daily News (Daytona, FL) described the construction of the massive ocean liner Titanic and her sister ship Olympic, commissioned by the White Star Line. Comparing the ship's intended length (860 ft.) with the Washington Monument (550 ft.) and the Santa Maria (60 ft), th […]
  • Chronicling America Illustrated Newspaper Pages from 1902 Added to LC Flickr Photostream
    The Library of Congress has added another year's worth of historic illustrated newspaper pages to the LC Flickr photostream. The New-York Tribune Illustrated Supplement section of 1902, printed on Sundays, includes published images of signature events of 1902, including: opening of the new Stock Exchange, renovations to the White House, a new statue at […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Black Velvet a Fad", The Sun, December 26, 1909
    With advice for the ages during the holiday season, The Sun pronounces black velvet a passing fad. Beautifully illustrated New York ladies model such stunning alternatives as white and gold evening dresses, peacock-feathered hats, brocade, and silk....Read more about it!
  • PAGES ADDED: Chronicling America adds more than 280,000 pages
    The Chronicling America Web site has recently updated to include 287,000 additional newspaper pages from 15 states and the District of Columbia. The site now includes more than 1.7 million pages from 212 newspaper titles published between 1880 and 1922. This update includes increased date coverage of many titles as well as new titles from Arizona, Hawaii, Ke […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Virginia O'Hanlon, Who Once Asked a Newspaper If There Really Was a Santa Claus...", The Evening World, June 25, 1903
    In 1903, the Evening World (New York, NY) reported on the public school graduation of Miss Virginia O'Hanlon, honor student, gold medalist and author of the letter that prompted the famous response, "Yes, Virginia, there is a Santa Claus." Responding to reporters at her graduation ceremony with the dignity of fourteen-year old, Virginia said, […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Top of the Highest Profession," The San Francisco Call, Dec. 12, 1909
    In 1909, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) published a first-person account of life as a "steeplejack" - rigging flagpoles, painting smokestacks and gilding church steeple crosses high above the urban landscape. J.H. Wilson describes his unintentional start in the industry, his many acrobatic feats to date and the frequent dangers of such […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Spectrophone--Reading in 1914," The Saint Paul Globe, Dec. 11, 1904
    In 1904, the Saint Paul Globe (St. Paul, MN) published a fanciful story on the future of reading, phonographs, and the library, ten years hence. The author, describing a trip forward in time to check his own written works, pondered the changes to libraries where all written works had been transferred to phonographic cylinders and "readers...[listened] i […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Uncle Sam's Cadets Kick," The Sun, Nov. 30, 1890
    In November 1890, the Sun (New York, NY) profiled "The First Test of Athletic Strength Between the Two Academies," highlighting the inauguration of the annual Army vs. Navy football game. The cadets, students at the Army's military academy in West Point and the Navy's military academy located in Annapolis, MD, wore uniforms of a sort - […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Drumstick for Mine!", Graham Guardian, Nov. 22, 1912
    In celebration of Thanksgiving, in 1902, the Graham Guardian (Safford, AZ) presented a variety of articles and illustrations on the bounty of the holiday harvest. Subjects covered include rural practices for the day, an illustration of turkeys trying to turn back time, a story of cider during the American Revolution, and an ode to "Ye Goodlie Pumpkynne […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Bombardment of the Stars is Due," The Times, Nov. 11, 1900
    In 1900, the Times (Richmond, VA) reported on the anticipated arrival of the Leonid meteor showers in mid-November, noting a disappointing display the previous year. "But what was expected last year, and is hoped for next Tuesday night, is a recurrence of the magnificent displays which were seen in 1799, 1833, and 1866, when not hundreds, but thousands […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Germany has Surrendered; World War Ended at 6 a.m.," New-York Tribune, Nov. 11, 1918
    In November of 1918, the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) reported the official end of hostilities between the United States, its Allies, and Germany in the first World War. The front page articles of the day cover the details of the signing, the movements of the former German Emperor and the social upheaval occurring throughout Germany....Read more about it! […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Witch's Hour," San Francisco Call, Oct. 31, 1909
    In 1909, the San Francisco Call described Halloween festivities and traditions in terms of entertainment for "little misses." With illustrations of witchy parties, black cats, and "pumpkin and lettuce boys on parade," the article highlights the many superstitions and symbols associated with Halloween and the practical aspects of throwing […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Liberty Unveiled," The Sun, Oct. 29, 1886
    On a foggy, dreary Autumn day in 1886, according to the Sun (New York, NY), over a million people in New York City gathered to witness and celebrate America's acceptance of the Statue of Liberty, a gift from France. Devoting almost the entire front page to coverage of the weather, the parade, speeches, and the actual unveiling by sculptor M. Bartholdi, […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Sophia Beck: Confidence Queen," The Salt Lake herald-Republican, October 24, 1909
    In October, 1909, the The Salt Lake herald-Republican described the arrest of Sophia Beck, a renowned confidence artist, in Atlantic City. "Now the counsel for her army of victims will seek to recover the tithe of her $1,000,000 plunder yet remaining." A beautifully illustrated, captivating tale of deceit and woe....Read more about it!
  • Chronicling America Illustrated Newspaper Pages from 1905 Added to LC Flickr Photostream
    The Library of Congress has added another year's worth of historic illustrated newspaper pages to the LC Flickr photostream. The New-York Tribune Illustrated Supplement section of 1905, printed on Sundays, includes published images of signature events of 1905, including: Russian peasants in revolt, dog shows, balloon animals, sculpted shrubbery, and mor […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America: "Baseball's Modern World Series, 1903-1910"
    "Baseball's Modern World Series" is one of many Topic Guides helpful for searching a specific subject in the Chronicling America historic newspaper site (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov). Each guide includes a list of sample articles on the topic and significant dates and keywords, that when used together, produce Chronicling America search […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Jews Celebrate Day of Atonement the World Over," Evening Public Ledger, Sept. 30, 1914
    In September 1914, the Evening Public Ledger (Philadelphia, PA) described observances of Yom Kippur, "the Day of Atonement," locally as well as in war-torn Europe. The article describes prayers, services, and the blowing of the 'schofar,' noting that 400,000 Jewish soldiers on "the battlefields of Europe" would "lay aside t […]
  • CONTENT UPDATED: 192,000 pages added to Chronicling America, incl. pages from 4 new states (AZ, OH, PA, WA)
    On Sept. 17, the National Digital Newspaper Program added more than 192,000 historic newspaper pages to the Chronicling America Web site, hosted by the Library of Congress. The site now provides free and open access to 1,442,000 pages from 171 titles, that were published between 1880 and 1922 in 15 states and the District of Columbia. This most recent update […]
  • Chronicling America Illustrated Newspaper Pages from 1906 Added to LC Flickr Photostream
    The Library of Congress has added another year's worth of historic illustrated newspaper pages to the LC Flickr photostream. The New-York Tribune Illustrated Supplement section of 1906, printed on Sundays, includes published images of signature events of 1906, including: construction of the Panama Canal, 3 weeks of coverage on the San Francisco Earthqua […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Commander Peary Tells His Own Story of North Pole Discovery," The Times Dispatch, Sept. 9, 1909
    In early September, the Times Dispatch (Richmond, VA) reported on the brewing controversy surrounding the discovery of the North Pole. Following on the heels of Frederick Cook's announcement a week earlier regarding his visit to the North Pole in April 1908, Commander Robert Peary laid his own claim to the actual discovery of the North Pole in April 190 […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "North Pole Reached by Dr. Cook, American Explorer, in Dash North," The Ogden Standard, Sept. 1, 1909
    In September 1909, the Ogden Standard (Ogden City, UT), along with other newspapers across the country, published dramatic accounts of the first Western explorer to reach the North Pole, Dr. Frederick Cook. Cook, claiming to have reached the Pole eighteen months earlier in April 1908, had only just returned to civilization to spread the news. But even as the […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Twentieth Anniversary of America's Labor Day," Deseret Evening News, Aug. 30, 1902
    More than 100 years ago, the nation began celebrating labor and its contributions to American progress. In 1902, the Deseret Evening News (Great Salt Lake City, UT) remarked on the twentieth anniversary of Labor Day, including information on its history, illustrations of prominent labor figures such as Eugene V. Debs, Samuel Gompers, and John Mitchell and no […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The New Divorce Centre - Reno, Nevada...", The Citizen, Aug. 26, 1909
    The Citizen (Berea, KY) noted a new cultural development taking place in the "frontier post of civilization" that was Reno, Nevada in 1909. A recent decrease in the length of time necessary for state residency, easy access by railroad, and a proximity to the cosmopolitan cities of the West Coast were transforming a mining community into the nation […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Evolution of Cuts - Newspaper Portraits..." St. Paul Daily Globe, Aug. 26, 1888
    In 1888, the St. Paul Daily Globe reported on the rapid advances in "cuts" technology (or pictures) in newspaper printing. The Globe claimed a pioneering role in the Northwest for implementing such technology in 1885, but notes such images "would be fit only for the hell box in the light of the improved processes now in use." The article […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Army of Invaders Lands and Begins Attack on Boston," The Washington Times, August 14, 1909
    In August of 1909, the Washington Times (Washington, DC) reported on military wargames conducted around Boston, Massachusetts. Over the course of a week, thousands of national guardsmen from various locales contributed to the melee, fighting for either the "Reds" or the "Blues". Regarding potential damage to the actual battlefields, the T […]
  • Historic Newspapers in Flickr: "Giant Ships in Hospital," New-York Tribune, August 11, 1907
    More than 100 years ago, the New-York Tribune published a full-page photograph in its Sunday Illustrated Supplement featuring the mammoth ocean liners then crossing the Atlantic frequently and the maintenance they had to undergo. The associated caption highlights the importance of ocean travel at the time and the sheer size of the vehicle of choice. This pag […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Tennis for Young Girls from the Practical Point of View," San Francisco Call, August 1, 1909
    Describing the best techniques for improving one's game, the 1909 San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) provided advice for young women on learning the game of tennis. Including illustrations, fashion tips, instructions on grip, swing, and strategy, the writer declares "...it is a very good thing to learn to lob well."...Read more about it! […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "A Hot Day with the Humane Society," The Washington Times, July 30, 1909
    Pointing out that "mere knowledge of the existence of this agency...probably prevents far more cases of cruelty than the agents actually investigate," a reporter from the Washington Times (Washington, DC) highlighted the daily activities of Humane Society agents in July 1909. Using half-tone photographs of "The Horse Ambulance," the agent […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Clouds Bust as G.O.P. is Smashed," The Times-Dispatch, July 17, 1909
    In July 1909, the Times-Dispatch (Richmond, VA) reported on a Congressional debate of a different sort, the Democrats vs. Republicans baseball game held at American League Park in Washington, DC. "The Democrats of the House of Representatives walloped all sorts of tariff schedules out of the Republicans," the paper proclaimed, reporting a final sco […]
  • More New-York Tribune Illustrations Added to LC Flickr Commons Photostream
    More illustrated newspaper pages from Chronicling America have been added to the Library of Congress Flickr Commons photostream. These half-tone illustrations, covering such diverse subjects as politicians and their families, the Adirondack Mountains, horse shows and sleep, were published as section cover pages in the New-York Tribune each Sunday of 1908. In […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Field of Electricity," Omaha Daily Bee, July 10, 1897
    In July 1897, the Omaha Daily Bee (Omaha, NE) reported on the growing investment and infrastructure in the U.S. supporting the use of electricity for powering transportation, communication and industry. Calculating that $1.5 trillion had been invested to date, the paper described how electricity enabled the development of streetcars, wireless telegraph, pers […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Story of the Declaration of Independence," The Washington Herald, July 4, 1909
    In 1909, the Washington Herald (Washington, DC) included a syndicated (it appeared in several other papers) day-to-day history of the 1776 creation of the American Declaration of Independence. Including portraits of the signers, as well as accounts of the debates and negotiations among members of the Continental Congress, the article recounts "What Jeff […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Attack on San Juan Heights," San Francisco Call, July 3, 1898
    With vivid illustrations and narrative detail, in July 1898 the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) reported on the recent battle for San Juan, Cuba, and the heroism of the Rough Riders, led by Lt. Colonel Roosevelt. The correspondent writes that in the face of fierce battle, "the Rough Riders did not flinch. Fighting like demons, they held their gro […]
  • Topics in Chronicling America
    The Library of Congress has recently launched a series of "topic guides" to the newspapers included in Chronicling America (http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/ ). Each topic guide (e.g., Baseball's Modern World Series, Ellis Island, or the Russo-Japanese War) includes subject-specific terms (including name usage, historical language, unusual sp […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Hot Tamales and Ice Cream Cone Venders," The Paducah Evening Sun, June 24, 1909
    The Paducah Evening Sun (Paducah, KY) reported in June 1909 that the local police chief had ordered all "knights of the push carts" selling ready-to-eat foods to appear at the police station. The article speculates that all "hot-tamale peddlers, barbacued meat venders [sic] and ice cream purveyors" were summoned to be interviewed by healt […]
  • "A Magnificent Milestone"
    On Tuesday, June 16, the Library of Congress updated Chronicling America to include over one million pages of historic American newspapers. The update was initially announced at the Newseum in Washington, DC, and reported widely in national and regional press. Check out the Library's own coverage of the event on the Library of Congress Blog.
  • Chronicling America Newspapers Added to LC Flickr Commons
    The Library of Congress has added historic newspaper pages from Chronicling America to its Flickr photostream in the Flickr Commons. This set of cover pages from the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) illustrated supplements begins with the year 1909. These pictorial pages are selected from the Chronicling America newspaper resource at the Library of Congress a […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "A Fisherman's Luck," St. Paul Daily Globe, June 8, 1890
    In June 1890, the St. Paul Daily Globe (St. Paul, MN) reported on some prominent Minnesotans having their share of adventure in the opening week of the fishing season. Including antics and illustrations, the article describes how "As a rule, the man with the most powerful imagination gets the record for being the king pin of anglers."... Read more […]
  • Chronicling America Recently Upgraded
    Over recent weeks the Library of Congress has implemented changes to the Chronicling America web site that improve and expand use of historic American newspapers digitized for the National Digital Newspaper Program. Most changes are behind-the-scenes, but users will notice some differences - search results as thumbnail images, increased performance, and pers […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Seattle's Show is Open," Palestine Daily Herald, June 1, 1909
    Describing fanfare and salutes in June 1909, the Palestine Daily Herald (Palestine, TX) reported on the opening ceremonies of the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition in Seattle, Washington. Background for the event, technological innovations, layout of the grounds, and more are included in the article. To open the fair, "the amphitheatre was electrically co […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Blossoms are Scattered by Reverent Hands...," San Francisco Call, May 31, 1903
    In 1903, as the nation remembered the Civil War and other more recent conflicts, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) described the regional and national Memorial Day celebrations. Civil War veterans marched, gun salutes were fired and citizens gathered in "memory of heroes"... Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Conspicuous in Automobile Reliability Run," The Washington Times, May 15, 1909
    Including photographs of the participants and club officers, the Washington Times (Washington, DC) reported in May 1909 on a "reliability run" sponsored by the Washington Automobile Club. The day-long event included 18 participants driving different makes and models of automobiles. The following day's front-page article provides highlights of […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Korea's New Emperor" Deseret Evening News, May 8, 1909
    The special correspondent from the Deseret Evening News (Great Salt Lake City, Utah) arranged to meet the titular emperor of Korea. The story goes on to describe how Yi Chok is emperor in name only, that "He Has Blue Blood, but Little Strength." The special correspondent goes on to give a thorough analysis of regional politics... Read more about it […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Spring Always Increases the Number of the Park Squirrels' Admirers," New-York Tribune, May 2, 1909
    Including several photographs of the seasonal antics of squirrels in the city, the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) celebrated Spring's arrival by highlighting "the little fellows" and their popularity among city dwellers. The photograph captions include the interpretation of squirrel etiquette, thoughts and various behaviors... Read more about […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The First Men in the Moon," Evening World, April 18, 1901
    In April 1901, the Evening World (New York, NY) began serializing H.G. Wells' recent novel "The First Men in the Moon." The series ran, chapter by chapter, on the second-to-last page of every issue published between April 18 and May 14. "Chapter 1 - We Plan to Visit the Moon," the novel begins... Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Scenes in East Africa, Where Roosevelt and His Party Begin Big Game Hunt," The Pensacola Journal, April 17, 1909
    About 6 weeks after he left office, the Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL) reported that U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt had arrived in Mombasa, Kenya, ready to begin his African hunting trip. The article describing Roosevelt's trip focused on several illustrated scenes of Kenya, including the train station from which the ex-President's party woul […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Easter Millinery," Salt Lake Herald, April 4, 1909
    Highlighting Easter Sunday fashion as a tradition, in 1909 the Salt Lake Herald (Salt Lake City, UT) included advertisements for ladies' hats and spring suits "bewildering in the variety of new shapes, materials, trimmings, and beautiful colorings" suitable for "Easter wear."... Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Man of Mystery in Six Different Poses," Los Angeles Herald, April 8, 1907
    Beginning March 23, the Los Angeles Herald (Los Angeles, CA) launched a month-long contest to identify the "Mysterious Mr. Raffles" in person and win a $1000 reward. Ostensibly critiquing the "method of criminal identification as practiced by the local police bureau," day after day until late April, flashy headlines and front-page article […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Will Revolutionize Census-Taking Methods," Washington Times, Mar. 28, 1906
    In 1906, the Washington Times (Washington, DC) reported on proposals from the U.S. Census Office to improve census-taking methods through the implementation of "A Punch Instead of a Pen." The article describes recent technology developments in card-punch and automated tabulation machines and the government's plans to increase speed and efficie […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Sun is Harnessed At Last," San Francisco Call, Mar. 24, 1901
    In 1901, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) reported on recent experiments with solar-powered steam engines for industrial power and irrigation. The illustrated article described tests at an ostrich farm near Los Angeles where "The sun strikes the mirrors; the mirrors reflect the heat upon the boiler; the heat turns the water within the boiler i […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Crowd Defies Police in St. Patrick's Day Parade" The Evening World, Mar. 17, 1909
    "Record Throng Masses Along Fifth Avenue as 75,000 March in Honor of Ireland's Patron" reported the Evening World (New York, NY) in March 1909. The article described the event as "one of the largest crowds that ever turned out to a witness a parade" and the confusion and congestion that resulted. "City offices," the writer […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Zeppelin Airship - An Aerial Engine of War," The Morning Examiner, Mar. 7, 1909
    Complete with photographs of the balloon itself and admiring royalty, in 1909, the Morning Examiner and Ogden Standard (Ogden, Utah) reported on the recent feats of Count Zeppelin and his balloon airship. "The Zeppelin was, and is...a great cylindrical framework of aluminum, pointed at the ends and covered with linoleum." The article went on to des […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Suffragists Plead and Fight for Ballot," New-York Tribune, Feb. 25, 1909
    In side-by-side articles, in 1909, the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) described activities around the debate over women's voting rights in both Albany, NY, and London, England. In "Women Invade Albany," the writer described a hearing held in the state capital on a proposal to amend the state constitution to remove the word "male," w […]
  • CONTENT UPDATED: more than 112,000 newspaper pages added to Chronicling America
    On Feb. 26, the National Digital Newspaper Program added more than 112,000 additional historic newspaper pages to the Chronicling America Web site, hosted by the Library of Congress. The site now provides free and open access to 977,440 pages from 112 titles, that were published between 1880 and 1910 in 9 states (CA, FL, KY, MN, NE, NY, TX, UT, VA) and the D […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Official Program for Mardi Gras," The Pensacola Journal, Feb. 23, 1909
    "Tuesday will be given over to masking and merry-making," announced the Pensacola Journal (Pensacola, FL) in 1909. The paper described the varied celebrations of the annual pre-Lenten Mardi Gras festival, including "an immense parade" featuring the "Monarch of Revelers" and the "queen of the carnival."... Read more abo […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Darwin's Centenary," Hopkinsville Kentuckian, Feb. 16, 1909
    Celebrating the 100th year anniversary of his birth in February 1909, the Hopkinsville Kentuckian (Hopkinsville, KY) published a two-part article on Charles Darwin, "apostle of evolution." While giving due credit to the biologist's accomplishments, the writer focused on details of Darwin's life drawn from the memoirs of Dr. Francis Darwin […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Won't You Be My Valentine?" The Times Dispatch, Feb. 10, 1907
    "Won't You Be My Valentine?" was the hopeful question posed by the Times Dispatch (Richmond, VA) in February 1907. With a variety of photographs and poems, the paper paid homage to the celebrations of St. Valentine's Day, the making of paper valentines and entertainment for the day. In "A Valentine Luncheon," the author provided […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Birthplace of Lincoln," Hopkinsville Kentuckian, Feb. 11, 1909
    In February 1909, the 100th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln's birth, newspapers around the country described various aspects of Lincoln's presidency, his legacy, and memorials to his name. The Hopkinsville Kentuckian (Hopkinsville, KY) devoted a full page with illustrations to descriptions of his birthplace and the planned memorial dedication by the […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The Boy Scouts of Black Wolf and B.P.", The Evening Standard, Sept. 17, 1910
    The Boy Scouts of America, incorporated in February 1910, were profiled in this illustrated article from the Evening Standard (Ogden City, UT) published in September 1910. The writer described the origins of scouting in the United Kingdom, the transmission of the idea to the Americas, scouting laws and "badges of merit," and the founders' plan […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Stories In Each and Every One of Which Whiskey Played Its Part," Deseret Evening News, Jan. 30, 1909
    In 1909, the Deseret Evening News (Salt Lake City, UT) published a collage image of its own headlines to highlight discussions in the state legislature on the prohibition of alcohol. With such phrases as "Whiskey Drove Him to Horrible Crime," and "Tragedies of Rural Life Have Origins in Liquor," the paper attempts to illustrate concerns a […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Ground Hog Sees His Shadow and Disappears for Six Weeks," The Winchester News, Feb. 2, 1909
    "It's a shame," proclaimed the Winchester News (Winchester, KY) in February 1909. According to the writer, a sudden sunny day sent the weather-sensitive groundhog back into his den and predicted another six weeks of winter. The article also includes background on the celebration of Groundhog Day and its precursors in Europe....Read more about […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Composer Verdi Passes Away," Deseret Evening News, Jan. 28, 1901
    "The immortal Verdi is no more," reported the Deseret Evening News (Salt Lake City, UT) in January 1901. The article described the composer's many accomplishments and great works of opera, such as "La Traviata," "Rigoletto," and "Aida," and includes a few poignant bars of music from "Il Travatore." In ad […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Taft Takes Oath as President in Senate," The Washington Times, March 4, 1909
    In 1909, the Washington Times (Washington, DC) marked the inauguration of William Howard Taft as president of the United States with broad coverage of the ceremonies, parade, and speeches. After describing the previous night's blizzard in "Capitol Isolated in Fierce Storm" and the associated travel and communications problems, the Times procla […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Solid Stream of Petroleum," The Houston Daily Post, Jan. 12, 1901
    On January 12 1901, the Houston Daily Post (Houston, TX) described the discovery, in Beaumont, Texas, of the largest oil well yet discovered in the United States. Shooting "200 Feet in the Air" and producing an estimated 20,000 barrels a day, the "phenomenal oil well" generated dramatic public excitement, prompting the immediate creation […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "1909 Hopes, Successes...", The Washington Herald, Jan. 1, 1909
    In an editorial cartoon, the Washington Herald (Washington, DC) depicts the advent of a new year with optimism, displaying a Wright airplane labeled "1909" on the crown and "Hopes," "Successes," "Happiness," and "Peace" throughout the airborne plane. On the ground, a bearded old man wielding Time's scyth […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "...Trousers for Women Is the Latest Freak Decreed by Fashion," Evening World, Jan. 1, 1909
    Ringing in the fashions of the New Year, the Evening World (New York, NY) reports, with illustrations, that the Paris fashion world has decreed "The girl of 1909 will wear trousers." The skeptic reviewer questions the likelihood of New York society adopting this new "robe Androgyne," and whether any man will "permit [a woman] to wear […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Santa Claus' Aeroplane," San Francisco Call, Dec. 18, 1909
    In December 1909, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) told the fanciful story of Santa Claus' challenges adopting the newest transportation technology. Explaining that since the discovery of the North Pole, the reindeer have run away, Mr. Claus tells his wife, "[Orville and Wilbur Wright] have sent me an aeroplane in which I can deliver my p […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Flying Machine that Will Work," Palestine Daily Herald, Dec. 19, 1903
    Describing the Wright Brothers' first airplane flight in Kitty Hawk, NC, the Palestine Daily Herald (Palestine, TX) declares "Ohio Boys Have Solved a Big Mechanical Problem." The article goes on to describe the successful trial in the face of heavy winds... Read more about it!
  • CONTENT UPDATED: 183,698 newspaper pages added, including 14 new titles
    On Dec. 11, the National Digital Newspaper Program added 183,698 historic newspaper pages (including 14 new titles) to the Chronicling America Web site, hosted by the Library of Congress. The site now provides free and open access to 864,509 pages from 108 titles, that were published in 9 states (CA, FL, KY, MN, NE, NY, TX, UT, VA) and the District of Columb […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Blessing Invoked for Infant Ruler," San Francisco Call, Dec. 3, 1908
    In December 1908, the San Francisco Call reported on local celebrations honoring the succession of Pu Yi to the Chinese Imperial "dragon throne." Attended by Chinese diplomats and prominent businessmen, the ceremonies included prayers, pledges and feasting.... Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Why They Are Thankful," It, Nov. 27, 1902
    In a Thanksgiving Day issue, the irreverent newspaper It (Lawrenceburg, KY) published some local reflections on reasons for thanks. The sentiments range from the thoughtful to the commercial with statements such as "Thankful that we are holding our own" to "I'm thankful that I have on display the most complete line of holiday goods ever i […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Italian Car and American Driver Capture First Prize in Savannah International Light Car Race," The Times Dispatch, Nov. 26, 1908
    Announcing a "Record of 52.56 Miles an Hour Established," the Times Dispatch (Richmond, VA) described the first international light car race held in the U.S. The 196-mile race, first of several during the gathering, was held in Savannah, Georgia, and won by "a little red Italian car, with four cylinders that hummed like a giant bumblebee" […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Rockefeller Tells the Story of Standard," New-York Tribune, Nov. 19, 1908
    In November 1908, John D. Rockefeller, retired president of Standard Oil Company, was called into federal court to testify regarding the company's alleged violations of the Sherman anti-trust act. The New-York Tribune (New York, NY) reported in detail on the millionaire's testimony and the intense public interest in the trial....Read more about it! […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Taft and Sherman Have Triumphed," Ocala Evening Star, Nov. 4, 1908
    Mirroring front pages across the country on Nov 4 and 5, 1908, the Ocala Evening Star (Ocala, FL) reported the winners of the Presidential Election of 1908, William H. Taft and his vice-president-elect James S. Sherman. The paper indicates "The Democratic Landslide Slid the Wrong Way" for opponent and 3-time candidate William Jennings Bryan. In add […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Vampires and Vamping," New-York Tribune, Oct. 13, 1901
    In the October 13 Sunday Illustrated Supplement, the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) offered "interesting and amusing" reviews of overseas publications. In a review of Bram Stoker's "Dracula" (1899), the author suggests "The rules of vampiring, as suggested by Mr. Stoker, are too elaborate" and proceeds to articulate his un […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Special Subway Souvenir," The Evening World (NY), Oct. 27, 1904
    In October 1904, the New York City Subway system was opened to much fanfare throughout the metropolitan area and the country. To celebrate the accomplishment, the Evening World (New York, NY) published a 4-page illustrated Special Subway Souvenir with topographic and street maps, as well as descriptions of technical challenges overcome, new safety features, […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Which Bill?" The Adair County News, October 14, 1908
    The 1908 presidential election between Republican candidate William Howard Taft and Democratic candidate Williams Jennings Bryan was held on November 3, 1908. This reader-supplied poem in the Adair County News urges readers, "Come let us all be happy now for why be melancholly? Election day is near at hand so let us all be jolly." The poem goes on […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Second Discovery of America at Santa Cruz To-Day," The San Francisco Call, Oct. 13, 1907
    Known as "Discovery Day" in the early twentieth century, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) describes the local celebration and re-enactment of the arrival of explorer Christopher Columbus to North America in 1492. The article depicts aspects of this "second Columbus' " 1907 voyage mentioning he should have "an easier ti […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Chicago Wins the Baseball Pennant," Deseret Evening News, Oct. 8, 1908
    On Oct. 8, 1908, newspapers across the country trumpeted the triumph of the Chicago Cubs over the New York Giants to win their 3rd consecutive National League baseball pennant. In an "Extra!" edition, the Deseret Evening News (Salt Lake City, UT) published the inning by inning details, calling the game the "Greatest Contest in History of Baseb […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "For Sale: Ford Model T Touring Car," Washington Herald, Sept. 25, 1908
    In late September 1908, in small print on the Want Ads page (3rd col.), the Washington Herald published a retail advertisement in the Automobiles section announcing a new type of vehicle: "For Sale: Ford Model T Touring Car --- 4 cylinders, 24-horsepower, 5-passenger. $850. A revelation. Deliveries begin October 1, 1908...." Read more about it! […]
  • CONTENT UPDATED: 38,800 newspaper pages added - now includes papers published 1880-1910 and a new state, Minnesota
    On Sept. 23, the Library of Congress added 38,810 newspaper pages to the Chronicling America Web site, expanding coverage into the 1880's and including content published in Minnesota. The site now provides access to over 680,000 newspaper pages from 9 states and the District of Columbia. Chronicling America is a project of the National Digital Newspaper […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Lieutenant Selfridge Killed and Wright Injured in Fall of Aeroplane at Fort Myer," Washington Herald, Sept. 18, 1908
    The Washington Herald (Washington, DC) describes "the most sensational, disastrous and tragic [accident] in the history of aeronatics" as it occurred on Sept. 17, 1908. While demonstrating the Wright airplane above Arlington Cemetery and Fort Myer in Arlington, Virginia, Orville Wright and Thomas Selfridge crashed suddenly to the ground. Both occup […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "A Nation Mourns - President McKinley, Victim of Anarachist Czolgosz, is Dead," The Hazel Green Herald (KY), Sept. 19, 1901
    In September 1901, the Hazel Green Herald (Hazel Green, KY) reported on the death of William McKinley, president of the United States. Shot on Sept. 6 in Buffalo, NY, the President died there in the early morning hours of Sept. 14. As a sign of mourning the issue was published with black, bold column rules on the front page. This practice was commonly referr […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "September Hurricanes," Panama City Pilot, Sept. 17, 1908
    In mid-September, the Panama City Pilot (Panama City, FL) reported warnings issued by the Weather Bureau of the first major storm of the hurricane season. Describing early impacts of the hurricane in the Turks Islands of the Caribbean, the article describes the science of such weather, some historic storms, and the use of the Signal Service telegraph to ensu […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Big Army of Union Workingmen Parades in Honor of Labor Day," San Francisco Call, Sept. 2, 1902
    Describing the event as "a magnificent demonstration," the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) reported on the activities of Labor Day 1902, when 30,000 union members paraded through the streets of San Francisco and made "an impressive representation of the strength of the labor movement." According to the Call, the march included floa […]
  • NEH Announces Guidelines for 2009 NDNP Awards - Application Deadline: Nov. 4, 2008
    The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is soliciting proposals from institutions to participate in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP) by selecting and digitizing newspapers representing their state and regional history. These materials will be digitized according to guidelines established by the Library of Congress and made available via […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Pearl Harbor and the Fleet," The Sun (New York), August 16, 1908
    Forty-nine years ago this week, Hawaii was admitted to the Union as the 50th state. Fifty years prior, the US Navy was making the case for greater involvement with and investment in Hawaii in a number of national newspapers, citing the "National urgent need- that is, the immediate improvement of Pearl Harbor" in The Sun (New York, NY) .... Read mor […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Sending Photographs by Wireless Telegraphy," Washington Times, August 16, 1908
    Featuring Danish inventor Hans Knudsen and his latest scientific discovery, the Washington Times (Washington, DC) reports on the new ability to transmit photographs by "wireless telegraphy." This feature article describes in detail the transmitting and receiving machines, the technology behind them and marvels at the results that will "open up […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Olympic Games Begin in London," Deseret Evening News, July 13, 1908
    A century ago, according to the Deseret Evening News (Salt Lake City, Utah), the opening ceremonies of the fourth Olympic Games began in London with a bugler's call and the procession of athletes under the flags of their respective nations. Lord Desborough, chairman of the British Olympic association posed the question to King Edward VII of Great Britai […]
  • CONTENT UPDATED: 73,000 newspaper pages added - now includes papers published 1890-1910 and 2 new states - Nebraska and Texas
    On August 1, more than 73,000 newly digitized newspaper pages were added to the Chronicling America Web site at www.loc.gov/chroniclingamerica/, including content from 2 new states - Nebraska and Texas - and expanding coverage in the 1890s. With this update, the site now provides access to more than 642,000 digitized newspaper pages, published between 1890 a […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Pictorial Story of Orville Wright's Remarkable Flight in His Aeroplane," Washington Times, July 31, 1909
    "More than 6,000 cheered..." reported the Washington Times (Washington, DC) describing the crowd at Ft. Myer, in Arlington, VA, watching the final 5-mile flight test of the Wright aeroplane manufactured under contract to the U.S. Government. The pictorial review shows the plane, its pilots, the crowds and more. Other articles describe the Wright Br […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Victory for the Stars and Stripes in Olympiad," The Evening World, July 25, 1908
    Covering the final events of the fourth modern Olympic Games, held in London, UK, the Evening World (New York, NY) extolled the accomplishments of American athletes. In particular, the paper described a star of the Games in "Young John Hayes Was Sure Year Ago He'd Win Marathon," the story of an Irish-American who won the 26-mile Marathon run i […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Convention Still in Session and About to Nominate Bryan," The Times-Dispatch, July 10, 1908
    In July 1908, the Democratic National Convention nominated William Jennings Bryan for the third time as their candidate for the U.S. Presidential election later that year. Reporting from the convention in Denver, CO, the Times-Dispatch (Richmond, VA) described "Storms of Applause Rock Building When Name is Presented" and said "perfect pandemon […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Some Don'ts for the Fourth of July," New-York Tribune, June 28, 1908
    Emphasizing the dangers of some Independence Day traditions, on June 28, 1908, the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) provided illustrated guidelines advising against the following: "Don't ever throw a lighted cracker at any one," "Don't pin firecrackers to your playmate's clothing," "Don't set off any piece of firew […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Test of the Wright Aeroplane at Fort Myer Yesterday," New-York Tribune, June 30, 1909
    Reported by the New-York Tribune (New York, NY) the next day, late in the afternoon of June 29, 1909, Orville Wright demonstrated the latest aeroplane for a crowd of congressional officials and interested bystanders at Fort Myer, in Arlington, VA, just outside Washington, DC. "After four trials, experiencing more trouble than has ever been seen in publi […]
  • NEH Announces $1.9 Million for 2008 NDNP Awards in 6 New States
    The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) announced on June 17, 2008, awards totaling $1,867,883 for six successful applicants representing their states in the National Digital Newspaper Program (NDNP). This funding will support the selection and digitization of historic American newspapers published between 1880 and 1922, by each participating state, […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Secretary Taft Nominated on First Ballot," Washington Herald, June 19, 1908
    In late June 1908, the Republican National Convention concluded in Chicago, Illinois, with the nomination of then-Secretary of War William Howard Taft as candidate for the 1908 Presidential Election, and the accompaniment of the Honorable Jim Sherman as vice-presidential running mate, announced the following day. On June 19 further headlines included "P […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Birthday of Old Glory," The Times-Dispatch, June 13, 1908
    The Richmond Times-Dispatch pauses from non-stop coverage of the upcoming Democratic and Republican conventions to contemplate the history of the American flag. "One hundred thirty-one years ago to-morrow," the article begins, and continues through the history of the Flag from thirteen stars and thirteen stripes to twenty stars and twenty stripes, […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "On the Moving Sidewalk - Curious Sensations and Sights on a New Parisian Institution," New-York Tribune, May 20, 1900
    In the Spring of 1900 the Paris Exposition, an international exhibition of culture, technology, science and industry, began in France. In this issue, the New-York Tribune ran a special illustrated supplement providing guidance to the American traveler visiting the world's fair. Articles included how to get there, what to see, a map of the fairgrounds, p […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Mrs. Ernestine Louise Rose," Blue-grass Blade, June 14, 1908
    "Devoted to the propaganda of freedom of thought," the Blue-grass blade featured pictures of "free thinkers" on the front page of the paper, with a biography occupying page two. Of the prominent abolitionist, feminist, and free thinker, Ernestine Rose, the paper writes, "Not every star that dots the firmament can shine with the same […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Antietam's Monument to the Blue and Gray Unveiled," The San Francisco Call, May 31, 1900,
    At the turn of the twentieth century, the celebration of Memorial Day (lately called "Decoration Day") had additional meaning for survivors of America's Civil War as the wounds of the conflict continued to heal. The San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) reported "President McKinley Participates in Memorial Day Ceremony Cementing the Reun […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Epoch Event in the Science of Astronomy," The San Francisco Call, May 19, 1910
    In May of 1910, Americans waited with bated breath to see what would become of Earth as the planet passed through the tail of Halley's Comet. Fear of tidal waves, lightning, atmospheric pollution, even the malfunction of cable and wireless systems ran rampant, "But not one of the delicate instruments set to detect suspected phenomenon showed the sl […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Mothers Day Proclamation," The New Enterprise, May 6, 1909
    In 1909, Florida became an early adopter of the celebration of Mothers' Day with a proclamation issued by then-Governor Albert W. Gilchrist and published in the New Enterprise (Madison, FL): "Therefore, I, Albert W. Gilchrist, governor of the state of Florida, do hereby designate and proclaim, Sunday, May 19th, 1909, as mothers' day, and recom […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "President Attends Divine Service," San Francisco Call, May 6, 1901
    The May 6th, 1901 front page of the San Francisco Call features a Cinco de Mayo greeting between the presidents of the United States and Mexico. President McKinley wishes General Diaz the "continued prosperity of the Mexican Republic, to which we are bound by so many ties of mutual interest and friendship."
  • 100 Years Ago: “A May Day Party of Three Under the Apple Blossoms,” New-York Tribune, April 30, 1905
    This full page image, capturing woman, child and canine companion gathering flowers, begins the Sunday Illustrated Supplement in the April 30, 1905 issue of the New-York Tribune (New York, New York)…. Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Earthquake and Fire: San Francisco in Ruins," The Call-Chronicle-Examiner, April 19, 1906
    On April 18, 1906, the San Francisco, California, area experienced a devastating earthquake, leaving the city "a mass of smouldering ruins." Initial reports published the next day included "No Hope Left for Safety of Any Buildings," and "Whole City Is Ablaze." With the only printing plant still operating in the area, the three m […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Jewish Passover - What 'Kosher' Means," San Francisco Call, April 23, 1905
    In April 1905, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, California) described some of the traditions of Passover, including illustrations and photographs featuring scenes of the Passover holiday. The full-page article highlights the origins of "kosher" practices and provides descriptions and recipes of traditional Passover foods....Read more about it […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "The National Issue - Arguments from both sides of the question - THE INCOME TAX," New-York Tribune, March 17, 1907
    101 years ago, the debate for a national collection of income tax raged in the press, with pros and cons presented in this issue of the New-York Tribune (New York, New York), published in March 1907. The presentation includes "An Impartial Presentation of the Problem," with affirmative arguments by Benjamin Tillman and Edward B. Whitney, and negati […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Six Thousand Fans Attend Opening of Coast League Baseball Season," San Francisco Call, April 5, 1908
    In April 1908, the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) reported on the opening games of the baseball season ("Stanford Takes First Game 2 to 1," "Seals Shut Out Beavers," and "Spectacular Game at Fresno") and even included an "artist's idea of the appearance of persons and events at yesterday's opening of the c […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "Jokers Will Get Busy Today," Salt Lake Herald, April 1, 1906
    Beware of April Fools'! For April 1, 1906, the Salt Lake Herald (Salt Lake City, UT) warns "It Is April Fool and High and Low Will Be in Ranks of Victims". They go on to describe "Rules for Easy Marks" and "Cautions For Those Who May Be Tempted" as well as admonish passersby to "Beware of the Hat" .... Read more a […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "All Aboard for the Moon," San Francisco Call, July 12, 1908
    Based on reports of a far-reaching projectile machine developed in England, an editor for Encyclopedia Britannica speculates in the San Francisco Call (CA) on the future of space travel. "The Conquest of the Air is Assured - Now for Inter-planetary Space...Is another of Jules Verne's fantastic dreams to come true? Is a message to the moon, once the […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "All Richmond Rejoices at Easter Time," Times-Dispatch, March 31, 1907
    With an illustrated layout, the Times-Dispatch (Richmond, VA) described the many traditions and customs surrounding the "Celebration of a Great Feast Day."...Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Green Badge of Courage: 13,000 Irishmen Parade Here" and "Shamrock's Great Day: English Wild Over Emblem," The Evening World (Evening Edition), March 17, 1900
    On March 17, 1900, the Evening World, (New York, NY) described celebrations in honor of St. Patrick's Day both in New York City - where "in Spite of Snow, They Turn Out in Honor of St. Patrick and the Green Isle..." - and, across the Atlantic, in London - where "a word from Her Majesty [Queen Victoria] has turned the emblem of semi-disloy […]
  • CONTENT UPDATED: 79,000 newspaper pages added, plus new features
    On March 14, more than 79,000 newly digitized newspaper pages, along with several new site features, were added to the Chronicling America Web site at www.loc.gov/chroniclingamerica/. With this update, the site now provides access to more than 500,000 digitized newspaper pages, dating primarily from 1900 to 1910, and representing 61 newspapers from Californi […]
  • 100 Years Ago - "Eminent Opinions on Woman Suffrage," San Francisco Call, July 4, 1909
    In this Independence Day Magazine section entitled "Woman and the Ballot Number," the San Francisco Call (San Francisco, CA) published multiple opinion pieces by prominent California advocates for woman's right to vote....Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago - "Eigthy-Sixth Birthday. Celebration of Woman Suffragists in Honor of Miss Anthony," Mount Vernon Signal, March 6, 1906.
    In March 1906, the Mount Vernon Signal (Mt. Vernon, KY) reported on events held in Washington, DC, in the occasion of the eighty-sixth birthday of Susan B. Anthony, noted suffragist and reformer....Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Leap Year in History," Washington Herald, Feb. 29, 1908
    On Leap Day, 1908, the Washington Herald included an article by Frederic Hansen regarding the scientific and cultural history of the Leap Year occurring in 1908. He notes "A year, to be exact, consists of 365.24242424 days, and how to handle that fraction of a day so as to keep the calendar exactly right is a problem never solved...." Read more abo […]
  • 100 Years Ago: "It's Leap Year! Pshaw! List to the Lament of the Poor Old Maid," Washington Times, Feb. 4, 1908
    In February 1908, the Washington Times reported on the Leap Year tradition of women taking the lead in making marriage proposals. "Seven more brides in January, 1907, than Last Month, and This Is Supposed to be Leap Year...." Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Washington's Birthday Celebration," San Francisco Call, Feb. 23, 1900
    On February 23, 1900, the San Francisco Call reported on the previous day's regional events celebrating George Washington's birthday. Coverage included festivities of the Sons of the American Revolution, statue dedications, descriptions of harbor decorations and shows of horsemanship in Burlingame....Read more about it!
  • 100 Years Ago: "Storm Follows Spot," New York Tribune, Feb. 15, 1907
    On February 15, 1907, the New-York Tribune reported on the relationship between the appearance of sunspots and weather predictions. "Pittsburg, Feb. 14 - the prediction of John Brashear, director of the Allegheny Observatory, that unusual electrical disturbances would follow the spots on the sun, which he discovered yesterday, came true to-day when a he […]
  • Featured newspaper: The Colored American (Washington, D.C) 1893-1904
    Published in Washington, DC, the "Colored American" weekly newspaper promoted itself as a national Negro newspaper and carried lengthy feature stories on the achievements of African Americans across the country. Over 3700 pages (1900-1904) have been digitized and made available through the Chronicling America Web site.